reply to post by ArMaP
Your professors did not point out to you the fuzzy logic of science. This is one of the problems I have always had with mainstream academia.
Everything is presented in this exact manner, when in fact it is all relevant.
Hydrogen is quite the unique character. The smallest atom on the atomic scale, it is a gas, but hangs out on the west side of the periodic table,
while all the other gases live in the east end, with the noble, or inert gases, taking up the east side. Hydrogen prefers to hang out with the
metals, and is the only gas that is typically considered to have a positive charge.
In the classification of atoms, it is the number of protons that we consider to be most crucial in determining atomic number and atomic weight.
Protons are positive charges, and electrons are negative charged. Any specific element always has a specific number of protons, both the number of
neutrons and electrons can vary. When the number of neutrons vary, you talk about atoms as isotopes. Hydrogen has isotopes, in that the atom can
have neutrons, which turns it radioactive, and this is how we get heavy water. When science talks about atoms when considering electrical charge it
talks about ions.
You identify an atoms typical charge by the column in which it is located. Hydrogen is located on the far west, or left side, of the periodic table,
in the class 1A category, with the very highly reactive Alkali metals, and like all the other elements in this class it typically has a charge of
positive one, which means it is a proton without a electron of atomic weight of 1.008, which means no neutron as well. All elements in column one,
class 1A typically have one less electron than the number of protons, as their natural state, the charge at which they seem to be most stable.
Elements in column 2, class IIA typicall have two less electrons than protons, and so a charge of 2+, and Column three, class IIIA typically have a
charge of 3+.
On the other side of the table in class VIIIA, or 8A, we have the noble gases with their 8 electrons in the outermost orbit, valence shell, which
makes them inert, or not reactive. They typically do not mix well with others. One row in from the inerts is class VIIA, or 7A, which typically has
a charge of 1- with fluorine at the top of the list. Then you have VIA, or 6A, with a typical charge of 2-, where oxygen is at the top of the list,
and then left of that column is the class VA with a typical charge of 3- and Nitrogen at the top of the column. Element which have a negative charge
have more electrons than protons.
Hydrogen is one wild cat, with a whole institute of scientific fans in pursuit, wowed by hydrogen bonding and the whole acid/base thing it has going.
Who knows what the crazy mofo has going on up in space with the plasma gig. If any element could create a species of life form which dominates the
universe, the smart money would be on hydrogen.
A round of plasma for everyone.