My fellow Americans, what you are about to read is not taught in your history books, said on television, or even known by virtually any American.
Until today it was not even known by me but after extensive research the facts are, to say the least; shocking. If you know me, as most on ATS do, I
do try not to ‘pump things up’ beyond where they belong. So when I declare something to be shocking, unless you are a devout cynic or skeptic,
this will shock you too.
I want to take you back to the 1850s, a time of tension just before the American Civil War. A new politics was spreading across the lands the likes of
which few could comprehend. The result was the creation of a new political party in a small schoolhouse within a small Wisconsin town. This party was
to be called the ‘Republican Party’. Assuming you already know all that perhaps it is best I just dive right into the subject at hand.
A man named Alvin Earl Bovay
was in rural New York State, who went to Norwich University and
admitted to the bar at Utica in July, 1846. A man dedicated to politics he became heavily involved in abolitionism and free soil, two popular
movements at the time. He became the secretary of the National Reform Association which was a group dedicated to advancing the Homestead Act, free
soil, abolitionism, and adding reverence to God into the US Constitution.
The NRA was chiefly concerned with the concentration of wealth, something they tied to the horrors of the old world. They felt there should not be a
right to the unlimited accumulation of wealth in this country. The association
soon turned towards what is described as “a spectrum the most revolutionary anarchist and socialist currents in American life”. This hostility
towards concentrated wealth made them hostile to the South especially seeing as how it was governed largely by wealthy gentry using slavery in replace
of paid labor, further amassing their wealth concentration and depriving laborers of good wages.
Some historians have tied the NRA’s most important members to being under the influence of Socialism, Trade Unionism, and of course Abolitionism. By
the late 1840s they had taken up the issue of a new Homestead Act whereby land west of the Mississippi accounting for 160 or more undeveloped acres
would be given to any occupant 21 years or older who lived there for five years and maintained the land. This was perhaps their most important cause
which was the land – reform movement, which was tied into abolitionism.
In the late 1840s Bovay relocated his family from New York to the newly formed town of Ripon, Wisconsin. Just prior to its formation the area had been
used by utopian socialists as a commune known as Ceresco after the Roman Goddess of agriculture. It was still a hotbed for political activity, of
which I believe it is safe to assume Socialism was a major driving force.
Around 1852 Bovay had contacted newspaper editor Horace Greeley
, a man who had been an adherent
of the newly developing ideology of Socialism. His newspaper, the New York Tribune
the most widely circulated paper in America and featured such contributors as Margaret Fuller
(the first major Feminist), Henry James Sr.
(Abolitionist), and Karl
(founder of Communism). Marx was one of the main contributors to the Tribune and his work is available
. Another contributor to the paper
Henry Jarvis Raymond
went on to found the New York Times.
Bovay had contacted Greeley because he wanted to create a new political party based around an abolitionist platform. The name of this new political
party he proposed would be the ‘Republican Party’, Greeley was excited about the name as he had already thought of it himself. Some 2 years later
the Kansas – Nebraska Act was being considered in Congress, angry that it may pass Bovay organized a meeting at the local church declaring that
should the Nebraska bill pass they would “throw old party organizations to the winds and organize a new party on the sole issue of slavery."
On March 20, just under a month after the meeting, Congress passed the bill and Bovay called another meeting this time at a small schoolhouse in
Ripon. A new political party was officially formed by Bovay and 16 other attendees to fight against the expansion of slavery known as the
‘Republican Party’. The media arm of the party would be headed by Horace Greeley’s New York Tribune as they launched their first campaign for
the Presidency in 1856 nominating John C. Fremont and rallying around the slogan ‘Free soil, free silver, free men, Fremont”.
Another important man was Warren Chase who became a Wisconsin Legislator and was one of the members at the Wisconsin Constitutional Convention. He was
also the founder of the Wisconsin Phalanx which was a spiritualist community based on the doctrines of Francios Fourier in 1844. Later he went on to
found another utopian socialist community, one built around his specific ideals, called Ceresco, where Ripon would later be established. He was also
an attendant at the founding of the Republican Party.
In 1860 a paramilitary group of the Republican Party was formed called the Wide Awake Republicans, identifying themselves as
’. One reported incident was on October 3, 1860 in Chicago when 10,000 Wide Awakes
marched in a three – mile precession. By the end of 1860 the New York Tribune had estimated there to be over 400,000 drilled and uniformed Wide
Awakes nationwide. [The New York Herald (Sept. 19, 1860)] The adopted unofficial mission statement of Wide Awake chapters was:
1st. To act as a political police.
2nd. To do escort duty to all prominent Republican speakers who visit our place to address our citizens.
3rd. To attend all public meetings in a body and see that order is kept and that the speaker and meeting is not disturbed.
4th. To attend the polls and see that justice is done to every legal voter.
5th. To conduct themselves in such a manner as to induce all Republicans to join them.
6th. To be a body joined together in large numbers to work for the good of the Republican Ticket.