reply to post by ThirdEyeofHorus
While I was researching further into the topic of my OP I stumbled across something that both fit the topic at hand and your post.
The Young America movement
began in 1845 inspired by the social reforms occurring in
1830s Europe, specifically Young Italy (Liberal Republican movement) and Young Hegelians. I find it most interesting that they drew much of their
influence from the Young Hegelians as their philosophy was that in order to topple political establishments was to attack its religious principles.
Karl Marx, Friedrich Engles, August von Cieszkowski, Karl Schmidt, and Edgar Bauer were all Young Hegelians at the time.
In the United States the ‘Young Americans’ advocated for free – trade, social reform, expansion southwestward, and anti – aristocratic
movements abroad. By the 1850s it had become a key faction in the Democratic Party after already bringing into its realm two Democratic Presidents, a
Democratic Representative who was the party nominee, and had much of its financing done by a man who was an apprentice to the Rothschilds. President
Polk, President Pierce, Rep. Douglas, and financier August Belmont were all major leaders of the movement who embraced commerce, technology,
regulation, reform, and internationalism. They also coined the term ‘Manifest Destiny’.
All history is to be re-written; political science and the whole scope of all moral truth have to be considered and illustrated in the light of
the democratic principle. All old subjects of thought and all new questions arising, connected more or less directly with human existence, have to be
taken up again and re-examined.
In 1851 the core newspaper the movement centered around, ‘Democratic Review’, was purchased from O’Sullivan by
George Nicholas Sanders
who was a member of the Consul in London under Polk but was
recalled due to involvement in British anarchist movements and plans to assassinate British heads of state to bring about democracy. He was also
believed to be involved in the assassination of President Lincoln.
Under Sanders, Democratic Representative and candidate for President Stephen A. Douglas; remarked that:
The Democratic Review has been heretofore not a partisan paper, but a periodical that was supposed to represent the whole Democratic Party... I
have observed recently a very great change.
By the mid – 1850s the Free Soil Democrats (largely ‘Yong Americans’) and abolitionist Whigs founded the Republican Party. After that the
‘Young Americans’ replaced the ‘Democratic Review’ with Horace Greeley’s New York Tribune as its major political outlet. Another group known
as the Locofocos
also joined the party. The Locofocos were largely labor union veterans from
America’s first labor union called the ‘Working Men’s Party’ who opposed monopolies and strongly favored laissez – faire politics and
economics. Ralph Waldo Emerson said of the Locofocos:
“The new race is stiff, heady, and rebellious; they are fanatics in freedom; they hate tolls, taxes, turnpikes, banks, hierarchies, governors,
yea, almost laws.”
What does all of this mean? It means that the Young America movement was inspired by Hegelian Dialectics and became the overwhelming force in the
Democratic Party during the 1850s; even having two of their own Presidents. They were largely Free Soil Democrats and got together with Abolitionist
Republicans and Locofocos (Labor Unionists) to become the intellectual founders of the Republican Party centered on Socialist Horace Greeley’s New
So I guess we could say that Socialism was a powerful force in 1850s American politics and influenced both major political parties. Perhaps this is
about the time they became so similar?