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Many bee farm owners say there's once again a bee shortage this year. "The bee population this year seems to be better than it was two and three years ago so there's some recovery being noted, but still we have a ways to go," bee farm owner Mike Potoczak said. "We're still losing 20% to 30% a year and that's way too much. One third of our food supply is because of their pollinating activities and that's why bees are protected by the government."He says his farm is still seeing a loss of bees and there's no solid explanation for it, but researchers are looking into possible reasons.
In America, honeybees are responsible for the pollination of over 90 plants which are considered "commercial crops," including fruit, vegetables, cotton, nut plants, and more. They pollinate about a third of everything that we eat, and the value of the pollination done by honeybees around the country is about $15 billion. Humans simply cannot take over pollinating these crops if the bees are in serious trouble. In China, the use of pesticides did not trigger CCD but it did cause the entire bee population of a specific area in China to die off. The humans took over pollinating their livelihood, apples and pears. They pollinate every flower by hand, and a report on Biodiversity and the Ecosystem Approach in Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries puts it mildly when they call hand pollination a "laborious and time-consuming method."
It's called Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD). Around half of all CCD cases display symptoms that are unlike any other known cause of honeybee disorders or illnesses. The adults in the colony disappear. Many other countries, like France, the UK, and Australia have experienced the same problems with their honeybee colonies, and CCD has not appeared in any other species. According to an informative website by beekeepers, the symptoms include "Sudden colony death (3-6 week period) with no dead bees around or in the hive."
There are many theories surrounding CCD, and all of them have their merit. The varroa mite, which is a bee parasite, may be responsible. Or a disease like IAPV. Pesticides are contributing to the many problems that a bee faces, and genetically engineered crops have been blamed. Drought, poor nutrition, and weather changes may also be part of the problem. And because of the need for honeybees to pollinate crops, they are migrated by trucks to different areas in order to pollinate whichever crops are in season. An invasive species of mite was considered to suppress bee immunity in 2005 according to an article in Science Daily. However, bee autopsies of CCD cases did not show mites to appear in CCD cases. Many people suggest that cell phone signals may interfere with migration and cause CCD, but it would just be another stress factor like drought that would contribute to the lowering of a bee's immune defenses.
However, the most highly suspected cause of CCD is, according to the Environmental Protection Agency, "potential immune-suppressing stress on bees caused by one or a combination of factors." Bees who exhibit CCD have parasites, fungal infections, and viruses. Their immune symptoms collapse and the bees contract all sorts of things. An article on westonaprice.org states that "Investigators have found so many infections in surviving adult bees that many have diagnosed "immunosupression" from an unknown toxic agent." The article also states that Dennis Van Engelsdorp, a bee specialist, has said that this "could be the AIDS of the bee industry." The beekeeper website says that "Researchers have found a virus that appears to be highly associated with CCD at this point in research."
Originally posted by wonderworld
reply to post by ravenshadow13
I wasnt aware honey Bees were out in the winter.