a reply to: puzzlesphere
Dear puzzlesphere, excuse me but it is evident that you need a good course of History of the Christendom.
I was clearly referring only to the Historic records that correspond to the western Europe, because the previous one belong the Bizantine Empire and
in that context this same object would be called The Holy Mandylion or the Image of Edessa, depending of the epoch, that actually existed, according
with civil and church records.
These what those records provide about the way in which the Shroud came from Palestine to North Italy through France, Greece, Turkey and Syria: (
again please understand that is not my Theory, it is what Historians have researched on the topic)
The image of Edessa was owned by the King Abgar of Edessa, today Turkey, in the 1st century of the common era:
Eusebios of Cesarea in the third century wrote the first written version of its history:
In his History of the Church (1.13.5-1.13.22). Eusebius claimed that he had transcribed and translated the actual letter in the Syriac chancery
documents of the king of Edessa. This records a letter written by King Abgar of Edessa to Jesus, asking him to come cure him of an illness. Jesus
replies by letter, saying that when he had completed his earthly mission and ascended to heaven, he would send a disciple to heal Abgar (and does so).
It was the disciple St Jude, the same Saint patron of the Children hospitals in America, called later Thaddeus of Edessa, who was commissioned to
visit the king. He was the one to bring the image of Jesus in a cloth to the King. If you check all the images that are made until our days of that
Saint shows him carrying in his chest an object with the face of Christ stamped on it.
First mention of the Edessa Image after that time is on the 384 AD when Egeria a woman French pilgrim visited Edessa an in a tour were allowed to see
There is a book that describe her trips:
Egeria Gaulian Pilgrim to middle east.
The Edessa image is also referred again on the 593 year of the common Era in the Evagrius Scholasticus:
This Shroud was then moved by the byzantine troops toward Contantinople along the centuries of the Persian Sasanide expansion in the eastern
One evidence of this trip is the existence of another object called the Keramidion, dated in the century 6th or 7th, that was a copy of the face of
Christ on it , that it is believed was miracously stamped by simple contact with the Edessa Cloth or the Mandylion. This is a tile that is now
preserved in the Caucasus in the monastery of Ancha in Georgia.
In the year 944 the Bizantines brought the Mandylion to Constantinople , today Istanbul Turkey, where it was kept in the Holy Sophia Cathedral.
It was from there that the French Templar knights would have taken it during the IV crusade. A burial cloth, which some historians maintain was the
Shroud, was owned by the Byzantine emperors, but disappeared during the Sack of Constantinople in 1204.
Geoffroi de Charny, French knight who is certified, even with coins of the epoch ,that owned the Shroud of Turin in the XIII century was nephew of
another Geoffroi de Charny, that was a Templar and who went with Oton the la Roche to Constantinople in the crusade he took part in. The Templar
knight Oton the La Roche was the first westerner who saw the Mandylion in public exhibition every Friday's Prayer in Istambul in 1204. He is also
the first person that it is known owned the Shroud of Turin in France.
Thanks for your interesting question,
The Angel of Lightness
edit on 3/12/2015 by The angel of light because: (no reason given)