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Scourging bloodstains on the Shroud of Turin have always been grouped together without
Image processing and contrast enhancement of the 2000 Gian Durante photos allowed distinction of
three different types of scourge marks.
The first type is the most evident and it can actually be associated to the use of a Roman flagrum
similar to that usually mentioned by Shroud researchers. It is characterized by two or three brown-to
-reddish circlets (probably where the sheet has been more soaked by the blood) connected by a
lesser evident small bar.
The second type is more evanescent but more numerous. It has a wider shape and it appears to be
formed by parallel pale brown-to-reddish lines fading into the body image colour.
The third type is very faint and it is detectable only on legs (especially on their lower part) and
calves. It is a kind of fan-shaped scratch.
Processing and comparisons between the three types of scourge marks support the hypothesis that
these traces can be attributed to the use of different kinds of torture instruments.