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reply to post by Logarock
Aah, I see what you mean! On the Dunfallandy stone? Yes, of course, that makes sense. Am I right in thinking then that the crescent V rod and the Z rod are male symbols because they're beside the King? And the Pictish beastie is then female as it's over the queen?
This is exciting, Logarock!
Discussion and Conclusions
The prior study of Ogham and Pictish astronomical writing now strongly suggested that both both writing styles are strongly related, and both originate from an understanding of lunar astronomy. It is clear from this work that the Pictish artwork is much more secretive, with some components only partially drawn. However in the case of Ogham it has to be said there are typically no circular components present on many stones, and thus it is also very difficult directly draw the conclusion that the angular offsets of the written letters are related to lunar astronomical values. Thus the only way that these two samples of astronomical writing could independently be analyzed is by the pre-discovery of even older astronomical proto-writing, as was the approach followed in this study. this permitted the astronomical values to be pre-defined, and to then simply compare the data from more archaic pieces directly to the Ogham and Pictish stones, which are roughly contemporary with one another.
Nehalennia (spelled variously) is a goddess. Of unclear origin, perhaps Germanic or Celtic, Nehalennia is attested on and depicted upon numerous votive altars discovered around what is now the province of Zeeland, the Netherlands, where the Rhine River flowed into the North Sea. Worship of Nehalennia dates back at least to the 2nd century BC, and veneration of the goddess flourished in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD.
Nehalennia is attested on 28 inscriptions discovered in the Dutch town of Domburg on the Zeeland coast, when a storm eroded dunes in 1645, disclosing remains of a temple devoted to the previously unattested goddess Nehalennia. A similar number were discovered in 1971-72 in the town of Colijnsplaat, and two others have been found in the Cologne-Deutz area of what is now Cologne, Germany.
Nehalennia is almost always depicted with marine symbols and a large, benign-looking dog at her feet.
On thirteen of the twenty-one altars with Nehalennia´s statue on it, the dog sits at her side as her faithful companion. He is a kind of greyhound and has a peaceful appearance. She shares the dog with local deities. It is difficult to decide exactly the significance of Nehalennia´s dog, but the animal´s basic function as a protector and companion is almost certainly established, because of Nehalennia´s function as protector of mariners and travelers. The dog may be connected with the Underworld, as it often is in Greek mythology. It may also be connected to healing, as the dog was a steady companion of the legendary and semi-divine healer Aesculapius, who was brought up by and always accompanied by a dog.
Do you happen to know the exact location where this stone was found?
The name is originally from Greek δελφίς (delphís), "dolphin", which was related to the Greek δελφύς (delphus), "womb". The animal's name can therefore be interpreted as meaning "a 'fish' with a womb". The name was transmitted via the Latin delphinus (the romanization of the later Greek δελφῖνος – delphinos), which in Medieval Latin became dolfinus and in Old French daulphin, which reintroduced the ph into the word. The term mereswine (that is, "sea pig") has also historically been used.
The name Delphoi comes from the same root as δελφύς delphys, "womb" and may indicate archaic veneration of Gaia at the site.
Apollo is connected with the site by his epithet Δελφίνιος Delphinios, "the Delphinian". The epithet is connected with dolphins (Greek δελφίς,-ῖνος) in the Homeric Hymn to Apollo (line 400), recounting the legend of how Apollo first came to Delphi in the shape of a dolphin, carrying Cretan priests on his back. The Homeric name of the oracle is Pytho (Πυθώ)
Neha (Hindi: नेहा) is a common Bengali, Indian and Nepali female name originating from the Sanskrit language. Neha means love in Sanskrit, originating from the root word, sneha; but can also be translated to mean rain, originating from the root word, "nehal".
The common name blenny (deriving from the Greek ἡ βλέννα and τό βλέννος, mucus, slime) is ambiguous at best, as it has been applied to several families of perciform marine, brackish and some freshwater fishes all sharing similar morphology (shape) and behaviour.
Nehalennia speciosa (pygmy damselfly, sedgeling or sedgling) is a species of damselfly in family Coenagrionidae.
Nehalennia irene is a species of damselfly in the family Coenagrionidae.
Davidson further links the motif of the ship associated with Nehalennia with the Germanic Vanir pair of Freyr and Freyja, as well as the Germanic goddess Nerthus and notes that Nehalennia features some of the same attributes as the Matres.
According to Pokorny the English name "Greyhound" does not mean "grey dog/hound", but simply "fair dog". Subsequent words have been derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *g'her- "shine, twinkle": English grey, Old High German gris "grey, old", Old Icelandic griss "piglet, pig", Old Icelandic gryja "to dawn", gryjandi "morning twilight", Old Irish grian "sun", Old Church Slavonic zorja "morning twilight, brightness". The common sense of these words is "to shine; bright".
Nerthus is often identified with the Vanr Njörðr who is attested in various 13th century Old Norse works and in numerous Scandinavian place names. The connection between the two is due to the linguistic relationship between Njörðr and the reconstructed Proto-Germanic *Nerþuz, Nerthus being the feminine, Latinized form of what Njörðr would have looked like around the first century. This has led to theories about the relation of the two, including that Njörðr may have once been a hermaphroditic deity or that the name may indicate an otherwise unattested divine brother and sister pair such as the Vanir deities Freyja and Freyr. Connections have been proposed between the unnamed mother of Freyja and Freyr and the sister of Njörðr mentioned in Lokasenna and Nerthus.
Additionally, in Old Icelandic translations of Classical mythology the Roman god Saturn's name is glossed as "Njörðr."
Hellen (Ancient Greek: Ἕλλην) was the mythological progenitor of the Hellenes
Seadog or sea dog may refer to:
a slang term for a seaman
a slang term for a dog at sea
a slang term for pinnipeds, as in:
a member of the Portland Sea Dogs baseball team
a member of the Saint John Sea Dogs hockey team
Sea Dog Brewing Company, a manufacturer of beer and a chain of restaurants
"Seadog", an episode from the first season of the American television drama series NCIS (see NCIS (season 1))
SEAdog (software), an electronic mail program written by Thom Henderson in the 1980s
a supporter of the defunct Scarborough F.C. or phoenix club Scarborough Athletic F.C.
a mariner's term for a fog bow, an optical phenomenon
an antiquated term for a shark
A fog bow is a similar phenomenon to a rainbow; however, as its name suggests, it appears as a bow in fog rather than rain.
Nielsen believes that the question of origin is the wrong one to ask and can produce misleading results. Because of the widespread migration of numerous ethnic groups like the Celts and Teutonic peoples and events like Roman expansion and subsequent Romanization, it is highly unlikely that only one ethnic group was responsible for the development of the Gundestrup cauldron. Instead, the make and art of the cauldron can be thought of as the product of a fusion of cultures, each inspiring and expanding upon one another. In the end, Nielsen concludes that, based on accelerator datings from beeswax found on the back of the plates, the vessel was created within the Roman Iron Age at a location somewhere in Central Europe.
The real discovery being made here is that it can now be confirmed that the Stone Age was really not much different from 15th century Europe. The only real difference I can see was the presence of metal.
Archaeologists have identified the earliest use of steel in the British Isles from a site in East Lothian. They now believe artifacts recovered from the site of the Broxmouth Iron Age hill fort were made from high-carbon steel. This would have been deliberately heated and quenched in water, indicating "sophisticated blacksmithing skills". The steel objects were manufactured in the years 490-375BC. Because of their condition, it has not been possible to say definitively if the objects were tools, weapons, or served some other purpose.