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Greenslade, P. (1995:247,248,250,255,256) Australia
p.256: "Records of E. unostrigata causing a nuisance in dwellings were first made in 1941 (PESCOTT 1942) where it was said to be "causing itch" in a hospital.
Greenberg, Z. (1985) cited from Hopkin, S.P. (1997:3) ?:
"There is one case in the literature of a patient who was diagnosed as harbouring an ectoparasitic population of Collembola in her hair after complaining of an itchy scalp for over a year (Greenberg 1985).
Amin, O.M. (2004:2,7) U.S.A.:
p.21(2003),2(2004): " Neurocutaneous Syndrome (NCS) include lesions [that] may also be on the scalp where they may be associated with infestations of springtails (Collembola).1 "Black specks associated with such infections appear to be metabolic waste (fecal elements) of these organisms or mycelial masses of certain fungal species."
p.24(2003),7(2004): "In April, 2001, LG moved to an apartment which was heavily infested with mold and mites. Lesions started appearing on LG's face which quickly became red hot as if on fire. By May, 2001, LG had several open lesions (6 mm to 2 cm in diameter) accompanied by erythema, on her face and scalp. Her cheek pulsated as the facial lesions seemed to track to the chin where the most fulminating lesion was; nearest to her teeth. Springtails (Collembola) and fibers were recovered from these sites. "
Frye, F.L. (1996:2-7) Iowa:
Recently, I was contacted by an official of the National Pediculosis Society who was investigating the possibility that all members of a family that was living in Iowa and suffering from very sever and intensely pruritic mutifocal head, trunk, and pubic dermatitis were infested with parasitic collembolan (springtail) insects. Once the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta, Georgia began to investigate pruritic dermatitis of unknown pathogenicity, they found 123 cases.
Barclay, L. (2004) U.S.A.
"In [the] single-site clinical study conducted by the NPA and the Oklahoma State Department of Health, multiple skin scrapings from each of 20 individuals diagnosed with delusory parasitosis were examined microscopically. Extensive examination using imaging software revealed evidence of Collembola in 18 of the 20 subjects."
more than 100 cases of Morgellons disease have been reported in South Texas.
CONDOR - Department of Homeland Security Daily Open Source
It was described from Brazil in 1939 and was first found in Puerto Rico in 1973 and first collected in Florida in 1980.
Drs Christiansen and Bellinger are finishing a revision of the species of the genus Seira in the America's which contains a new illustrated key. The work is to be published in the Carribean Journal of Science and should be finished summer 1999.
The National Unidentified Skin Parasite Association is a U.S.A. organisation that offers message boards, discussion forums and a confidential questionnaire that can serve as a self support system for people with undetermined symptoms that resemble lice and scabies infections.
These herbs kill or expel internal and external parasites.
Parasites flourish in an enviornment created by eating too much of sweets and starchy foods. They usually are repelled and destroyed by herbs and foods with bitter taste. Hence why very bitter herbs like wormwood and golden seal are effective against parasites. Hot spicy herbs like cayenne also help burn up parasites and are used in tropical areas partly for this reason.
Substanced that repel or expel worms are called vermifuges, while those that destroy them are called vermicides. Anthelemintic is a generic term for both.
Dietary therapy is essential in the treatment of parasites.
Wormwood pg 212;
Parts used; leaves
Active constiuents; absinthol which is common to all wormwoods, in addition to essential oils inlcuding pinene, cineol borneol phenol cuminic aldehyde, artemisiaketone.
Properties; alteraive, cholagogue, emmeanagogue, astringent, vermifuge.
It is used to counteract fevers, regulate the liver and menes and treat anemia and arthiritis. It also is abortive. Itis taken as a bitter tonic and given to eliminate intestinal worms and parasites. A wash of the tea will releive itching fro rashes.
PRECAUTIONS!; Contraindicted during pregnacy.
Dosage; one teaspoon of the dried herb infused in a cup of boiling water or 3-9 gms.