posted on Dec, 15 2005 @ 12:01 AM
I just took my finals and this exact thing is what were on them. These are a few theories that we covered(including one about the thug whited kid on
country club drive). I will cover one of the major theories that full under the series of Social Process Theory. It is called Social Disorganization
"Crime is both normal, and functional"-Emile Durkheim
Social disorganization relates to the social environment of a neigborhood.
1. High Transient Rate-people constantly moving in and out
2. Because of this, close relationships and a sense of community are not developed.
3. This leads to community deterioration( a whole different animal to tackle, if anyone is interested U2U me)
Crime as it relates to poverty in that in poverty, there are broken homes. Now broken homes do not create crime, its the:
1. Fighting, shouting, conflict inside the home
2. Not enough supervision for the Children (parent(s) working 2 jobs)
3. Or the presence of druges/alcohol in the home
You can also look at how kids in the broken home get directly involved in crime. These kids can fall into 3 groups(mind you this is just one of the
many theories that exist about how this comes about)
1. Corner Boy- Commits minor crimes like shoplifting, truancy, vandalism ect.
2. College Boy- Actively striving to reach the middle class. There is a barrier that most from this environment will run in to, its called Cohen's
Middle Class Measuring Rod.(once again if interested U2U me)
3. Delinquent Boy- Gets involved with gangs and commits more serious offenses, adopts values directly opposite of the mainstream, looking for
"If you look at social structure, someone who has access to criminal elements and values, is more likely to commit crime than someone who does
not."- Cloward & Owen
Now to address the thug white kid on country club drive: There are 2 ways to explain this, one is the Gabriel Tarde's Theory of Immitation and the
other is the Merton's Mode of Adaption(I feel Mertons theory is the correct one as it applies best to your upper class youth deviant anyhow)
Modes of Adaption:
First off, you have to have the principle behind it. All societies have one thing in common; goals, and the means to achieve them. And here are the
ways people tend to adapt to those:
1. Conformity: acceptance of goals, and means to achieve them.
2. Innovation: acceptance of goals, and rejectoin of means
3. Ritualism: Rejection of goals, acceptance of the means
4. Retreatism: drop out from society completely
5. Rebellion: Rejection of goals and means, want to overthrow current order and establish a new one.
If anyone has any interest, which I doubt, I love this stuff but I'm sure it has bored you, U2U me. But I hope it helps answer some questions about
youth deviance and how it applies to both upper and lower class society. I will close with a quote that is very relevant to how societies perceptions
of what is deviance.
"If you want to study deviance, dont look at the person being labeled deviant, look at the social crowd who label him/her deviant."- Kai Erickson
[edit on 12/15/2005 by ludaChris]