my two cents:
In terms of the Great Conquers:
-Persian Empire(s): At certain Points extending from Indus River, to northern Central Asia, eastern China, West Asia, part of southern Russia
(European), parts of Ancient Greece, Egypt
-Roman Empire(s): Don't know much but I known they been at the center of power in Europe for almost ever, to the Border of Persia many times too.
-Alexander (King of Greek-Macedonian Empire): Ancient Greece to Central Asia, West Asia, Indus River, and Egypt. Short lived, but Incredible.
:the outcomes on both sides on Alexander vs Porus are assumed.. we know that Porus received vastly augmented Gold reserves, and Territory doubled.
Alexander left shortly after. yangtze.cs.uiuc.edu...
-Kingdoms of India: Maurya Empire - Chandragupta defeated Seleucus, marries his daughter, cemented an alliance, gifted with parts of eastern Persia,
Afghanistan (going further North in Central Asia), and now controlled all of India.
-Russian Empire/Soviet Union: Bloated and inefficient at times, but again a remarkable Power. A vast territory and hard to cover esp back in the
-The Mongols: Already well known. Mongol and Turkish elite with a mixed Central Asian cavalry.
-Ottoman Empire: Extended at various points from west Persia, West Asia, south Russia, Central Europe, Greece, & forays into Roman territory, Egypt
And The Vikings, The Goths, The Celts, The Huns, The Slavs, Chinese Kingdoms, Egyptian Kingdoms, Babylon- Best of the Best!
Too many to name!!
Scythian-Saca (Sarmatian, Alans, etc)
: People originally from eastern Persia, and some parts of what is now North India (Punjab,
Kashmir), and also Afghanistan (Southern Central Asia). Scythians were pushed further north as a result of the growing power of the Persian statehood
emerging in around 800-700BC.
The Scythians as a result then expanded further north into Central and East Asia, and Southern Russia (They Spoke an East Iranian Language very close
to Persian, and known they spoke Indo-Aryan Dialects. Their religious worship practices are mostly the same from Vedic Tradition (India))
Long story short... From 700BC to 150AD - The Scythians were Inside and On the borders Persia and India (Central Asian region) extending into China
and Mongolia, Siberia, into Russia, and then Ukraine.
In the later part of the time frame of their history, they were close to Vienna, and were in Romania, Thrace, and the Western Caucasus (Fighting off
the Persians and assisting them other times) . They also made it as far into Egypt, through Assyria and Israel, and also made incursions into Northern
Greece and Roman cities for brief periods.
The Roman Emperor was so impressed with them that in 125AD he sent a Sarmatian contingent of 5000 to Roman Britain to help fight off other Tribes.
They eventually settled a couple of Colonies (Ribchester, Lancashire in 300AD). I have a few books lol!
The Scythians, were partly taken over in that time frame by their sister tribe the Sarmatians, which split into other sister tribes (Alans,
Then around 300-500AD when the Huns assumed their tactics, refined them and started conquering central Asia and Russia from them. They were destroying
their power structure, so some fled further into Central and South Asia, southern Caucasus, and mostly into Central Europe.
The Huns kept chasing them, so they fled further into Western Europe. and made alliances with other tribes like the Goths, and then later the Vandals
(German tribe). They all took part in "the Great Migration".
They saved the Vandals and helped defeat the Franks, and settled in west Germany extending into Gaul (France), Spain, Portugal, and part of North
Africa, setting up colonies.
Eventually these tribes started assimilating in numbers around 700DAD-1400AD when new powers formalized lasting alliances, and spreading integrated
[edit on 6-10-2009 by jonob25]