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It is well known that sudden movement and lack of support to a baby's head can cause brain damage or even death, shaking would be violent and could definitely cause damage to the baby.
Not exactly sure why this is questioned.
In her testimony, Church said that in studying scans of the baby’s brain, she found injuries consistent with abusive head trauma, formerly known as “shaken baby syndrome.” Eutiner said that she found evidence of both old and new bleeding in the baby’s brain, and she sought a second opinion.
That opinion came from Dr. Karen Chancellor, a renowned neuropathologist and medical examiner in Shelby County, whose own findings could not rule the cause of the baby’s death as homicide. Chancellor served as an expert witness for the defense and testified that natural medical issues could have resulted in the triad of symptoms commonly used to diagnose abusive head trauma in infants.
A recent report by the Washington Post has found that since 2000, more than 100 “shaken baby” court cases across the country whose evidence relied heavily on the triad symptoms have been reversed or dismissed.
In 2012, A. Norman Guthkelch, the neurosurgeon often credited with "discovering" the diagnosis of SBS, published an article "after 40 years of consideration," which is harshly critical of shaken baby prosecutions based solely on the triad of injuries. Again, in 2012, Dr. Guthkelch stated in an interview, "I think we need to go back to the drawing board and make a more thorough assessment of these fatal cases, and I am going to bet . . . that we are going to find in every - or at least the large majority of cases, the child had another severe illness of some sort which was missed until too late." Furthermore, in 2015, Dr. Guthkelch went so far as to say, "I was against defining this thing as a syndrome in the first instance. To go on and say every time you see it, it's a crime...It became an easy way to go into jail."
Chancellor served as an expert witness for the defense and testified that natural medical issues could have resulted in the triad of symptoms commonly used to diagnose abusive head trauma in infants. That triad of symptoms includes subdural hematoma, or bleeding on the brain; retinal hemorrhaging, or bleeding behind the eyes; and cerebral edema, or brain swelling. Dennis argued that an unnaturally growing skull following a difficult birth and 25 minutes deprived of oxygen could have resulted in those symptoms in this incident. In recent years, in fact, more physicians are claiming that the triad of symptoms alone is not enough evidence to prove abusive head trauma.