Published on Apr 9, 2014
Private Space exploration is gaining a lot of attention in the media today. It is expected to be the next big thing after social media, technology, and probably bio fuels. Can we take this further? With DARPA sponsoring the formation of the 100 Year Starship Study (100YSS) in 2011, can we do interstellar propulsion in our life times?
The Xodus One Foundation thinks this is feasible. . . .
The community of interstellar propulsion researchers can be categorized into three groups, those who believe it cannot be done (Nay Sayers Group -- NSG), those who believe that it requires some advanced form of conventional rockets (Advanced Rocket Group -- ARG), and those who believe that it needs new physics (New Physics Group -- NPG).
The Foundation belongs to the third group, the New Physics Group. The discovery in 2007 of the new massless formula for gravitational acceleration g=τc2 , where τ is the change in time dilation over a specific height divided by that height, led to the inference that there is a new physics for interstellar propulsion that is waiting to be discovered.
What would this physics look like if nothing can travel faster than light? Founder & Chairman, Benjamin T Solomon, of the Xodus One Foundation believes that the answer lies in our understanding of photon probability. Can we discover enough physics to figure out how to control photon probability?
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Founder & Chairman, Benjamin T Solomon, of the Xodus One Foundation believes that the answer lies in our understanding of photon probability.
Benjamin T. Solomon, BSc, DipOR, MAOR, MBS is President & CEO at QuantumRisk LLC and Principal Investigator at iSETI LLC.
Ben recently completed a 12-year study into the theoretical and technological feasibility of gravity modification. He is the author of the book An Introduction to Gravity Modification: A Guide to Using Laithwaite’s and Podkletnov’s Experiments and the Physics of Forces for Empirical Results. (Read the first 25 free pages.) He discovered the generic force field equation for macro (gravity, electromagnetism & mechanical) forces, g = ô c2, where ô is the change in time dilation divided by the change in distance; gravitational, electromagnetic & mechanical noninertia Ni fields, the photon’s spatial probability field and the Var-Gamma distribution.
He has defined gravity modification as the modification of the strength and/or the direction of the gravitational effect without the use of mass as the primary source of this modification; and consists of two parts, field modulation and field vectoring. Field modulation is the ability to attenuate or amplify a force field. Field vectoring is the ability to change the direction of the force field. . . .
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Ben Solomon has a Certificate in Relativity, Gravity, and Cosmology from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Professional Institute (2006), a Bachelors degree in Electrical & Electronics Engineering, from Aston University, UK (1979), a Master’s degree in Operations Research from Lancaster University, UK (1982), and a Master’s degree in Banking & Finance, University College Dublin, Ireland (1995). Over the past 7 years Ben Solomon has presented numerous papers on gravity modification and related concepts at the National Space Society’s International Space Development Conferences, and the Mars Society’s International Mars Conferences. Ben Solomon is the inventor of proprietary electrical circuits that can change their weight, at room temperature, and without moving parts. In his day job he does extensive numerical and statistical modeling of commercial property losses. This expertise combined with his degree in electrical engineering, was the spring board for numerical modeling and statistical analysis of gravitational and quantum mechanical experimental data. The book synopsis I’m using for the book promotion is: ‘An Introduction to Gravity Modification’ shows the reader how the physics and the engineering of gravity modification work, using real dimensions, real fields, real materials, and real forces. This work is based on the author’s research of more than 10 years, with electrical circuits (no moving parts) that can change their weight, and extensive numerical modeling of experimental data. With this knowledgebase and experience the author reviews Laithwaite’s and Podkletnov’s experiments, and the physics of forces. The book presents a new concept of force, the non-inertia field, and a new equation for gravitational acceleration. There is no mass in this new equation. This makes gravity modification a portable technology. The book shows how both relativity and quantum mechanics has to change. The author has discovered a non-local particle probability distribution from published experimental data. This distribution combined with the inferences derived from numerical gravity modeling explains how and why the observer appears to alter the observation. ‘An Introduction to Gravity Modification’ points to the single most important technology after gravity modification, the technology of interstellar travel. This is possible with asymmetric transformations that bypass the velocity of light constraints.
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originally posted by: InverseLookingGlass
a reply to: Mary Rose
Height as a metric is only valid when you have a defined datum (e.g. the floor of your bedroom) to measure from. It seems out of place in a discussion of cosmic proportions.
After some drilling down, I got to this paper which seems to have some substance. Interesting but too deep for my waders.
link to paper on photon probability function rethink.
originally posted by: FriedBabelBroccoli
link to paper on photon probability function rethink.
Numerical modeling based on empirical evidence was used to show that the photon’s probability distribution is a modified Gamma distribution whose parameters are the orthogonal and forward distances of the space around the photon. Not only is the photon’s probability distribution altered by the shapes of space around it but this paper, using available experimental data, has made the case that a photon’s response to the materials around it is related to the geometric proportions as a ratio of its wavelength. The modified Gamma distribution provides an alternative explanation for optical resolution, lends itself to a unified shielding, cloaking and invisibility hypothesis, and may even replace the sum of histories method. More importantly it presents shielding, cloaking and invisibility as distinctly different interactions of the same phenomenon. The shielding and cloaking models concur with the experimental data. The invisibility model suggests the need for a better understanding of the photon. The nano wire model shows that the skin effect can be used to model sub wavelength behavior. In summary this paper has presented a substantial body of evidence to make the case that a photon’s probability distribution is a modified Gamma distribution.
Not only is the photon’s probability distribution altered by the shapes of space around it but this paper, using available experimental data, has made the case that a photon’s response to the materials around it is related to the geometric proportions as a ratio of its wavelength.
originally posted by: Mary Rose
Not only is the photon’s probability distribution altered by the shapes of space around it but this paper, using available experimental data, has made the case that a photon’s response to the materials around it is related to the geometric proportions as a ratio of its wavelength.
When he uses the term "space," he's not talking about empty space, is he?
Antigravity?
Conducting metals will shield electric fields. However, the lack of movement of electrons in response to gravity explains why we cannot shield against gravity by simply standing on a metal sheet. As an electrical engineer wrote, “we [don’t] have to worry about gravity affecting the electrons inside the wire leading to our coffee pot.” [19] If gravity is an electric dipole force between subatomic particles, it is clear that the force “daisy chains” through matter regardless of whether it is conducting or non-conducting. Sansbury explains:
“..electrostatic dipoles within all atomic nuclei are very small but all have a common orientation. Hence their effect on a conductive piece of metal is less to pull the free electrons in the metal to one side toward the center of the earth but to equally attract the similarly oriented electrostatic dipoles inside the nuclei and free electrons of the conductive piece of metal.” [20]
This offers a clue to the reported ‘gravity shielding’ effects of a spinning, superconducting disk.[21] Electrons in a superconductor exhibit a ‘connectedness,’ which means that their inertia is increased. Anything that interferes with the ability of the subatomic particles within the spinning disk to align their gravitationally induced dipoles with those of the earth will exhibit antigravity effects.
Despite a number of experiments demonstrating antigravity effects, no one has been able to convince scientists attached to general relativity that they have been able to modify gravity. This seems to be a case of turning a blind eye to unwelcome evidence. Support for antigravity implicitly undermines Einstein’s theory.[22]
www.holoscience.com...
Abstract: Spaceflight, as we know it, is based on the century old rocket equation that is an embodiment of the conservation of linear momentum. Moreover, special relativity puts an upper limit on the speed of any space-vehicle in the form of the velocity of light in vacuum. Thus current physics puts severe limits on space propulsion technology. These limitations can only be overcome if novel physical laws can be found. During the last two decades, numerous experiments related to gravity shielding or gravito-magnetic interaction were carried out, but eventually all proved to be incorrect. However, in March 2006, the European Space Agency (ESA) announced credible experimental results, reporting on the generation of artificial gravitational fields (also termed gravito-magnetic fields, GMF), in the laboratory. The GMF was generated by a rotating niobium superconductor ring, subjected to angular acceleration. The GMF existed only during the acceleration phase of the ring, counteracting the mechanical acceleration, thus obeying some kind of gravitational Lenz rule. These experiments were performed by M. Tajmar and colleagues from ARC Seibersdorf, Austria and C. de Matos from ESA, and since then were repeated with increased accuracy, leading to the same results. Extended Heim Theory (EHT), published in a series of papers since 2002, predicted the existence of such an effect, resulting from a proposed interaction between electromagnetism and gravitation. . . .
www.hpcc-space.de...
. . . Therefore, gravitation, as we know it, seems to be comprised of three interactions, the graviton (attractive), gravitophoton (attractive and repulsive), and the quintessence or vacuum (repulsive) particle that is, there exist three quanta of gravitation. This means that the gravitational constant G contains contributions of all three gravitational constants, termed GN;Ggp and Gq, respectively. The quintessence interaction, however, is much smaller than the first two contributions. For further details see [10].
www.hpcc-space.de...
originally posted by: teamcommander
Because of your posting this article, I thought you might be specialyy interested in paragraph 2.1
which deals with Gravito-Magnetic Force by Photon Conversion into Gravitophotons.
The force produced by gravitophoton generation is termed gravito-magnetic force. It is a gravitational force, but it is caused by photons that are converted into neutral 8 gravitophotons, which eventually decay via two different channels.
www.hpcc-space.de...
. . . The process of conversion of photons into gravitophotons should be possible in two ways, namely via Fermion (vacuum polarization) [10] and through Boson coupling (Bose-Einstein condensates). . . .
www.hpcc-space.de...
The quantum of electromagnetic energy, regarded as a discrete particle having zero mass, no electric charge, and an indefinitely long lifetime.
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Published on May 6, 2014
The May 2014 Scientific American article, "Super Symmetry, A Crisis in Physics", got me thinking. If the proton mass is substantially greater that the sum of the masses of the quarks & gluons in the proton then there is an outrageous question regarding the Standard Model.
Before I attempt to answer that question we need to understand the concept of falsifiability.
The reason why I am qualified to ask this outrageous question is because I solved the physics of gravity modification, and falsifiability opens up more avenues for research, more questions and the finally the reasons for the outrageous question.
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