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originally posted by: DreamerOracle
Just to point out a fact, I studied history in secondary (in England) and Welsh , Scottish history was a very large chunk of it.
originally posted by: fenian8
a reply to: urbanghost
Hello fellow Celt lol. I thought it was Cymru???
I haven`t been able to go last couple of years, but did have the privaledge to go every year to the Celtic Camp in North Wales. Was at the first one if I remember right.
Edward I's fearsome Iron ring of colossal fortresses represents Europe's most ambitious and concentrated medieval building project, designed to prevent the recurrence of two massively expensive military campaigns. After Edward's first successful campaign in 1277, he was able to pin down his adversary Llywelyn ap Gruffydd ("The Last") in Snowdonia and on Anglesey. This gave him room and time enough to build the now largely ruined castles at Flint, Rhuddlan, Builth Wells and Aberystwyth, as well as to commandeer and upgrade Welsh castles, Edward's first attempt at subjugation.
Llywelyn's second uprising, in 1282, was also ultimately unsuccessful, and Edward, determined not to have to fight a third time for the same land, set about extending his ring of fortifications in an immensely costly display of English might. Together with the Treaty of Rhuddlan in 1284, this saw the Welsh resistance effectively crushed.
originally posted by: On7a7higher7plane
a reply to: DreamerOracle
Right I had a feeling the national identity of Wales wasn't established in ancient times. I presume that the history of Wales was mostly tribal back then with a complicated network of alliances, rivalries and enemies.
Now Ireland on the other hand, that little island has a hard core history and plausibly a national identity established in ancient times by several waves of immigrants and ancient wars that are rarely discussed and hardly documented. Every culture that migrated to Ireland seemed to have brought with them a war that consumed the entire island until a new power structure was developed with a new national identity. In the distant past (1000AD) it was already the product of 4 large tribes post-war/peace-resolution at least. It doesn't seem like Rome had much of an influence on Ireland either, unlike major Britannia which is interesting too.
I wish I could find more info about UK history, I'm ignorant of Wales but their history doesn't seem to be documented as well as Ireland's history.
Castell-y-Bere was to remain a Welsh stronghold for only about six decades. In April 1283, the castle was finally surrendered to the English, the last castle to fall during Edward I's momentous incursion into Wales to crush the rebellions of the Welsh. After falling to the English, Castell-y-Bere was repaired to some degree and a settlement was established at the foot of the craggy hillock. One last attempt was made to retake Y Bere by Madog ap Llywelyn, who considered himself Prince of Wales, in 1294. But this revolt was squashed shortly thereafter, and Castell-y-Bere was rendered useless from that point onward. The new English settlement was abandoned and the castle was never used again.