posted on Apr, 25 2014 @ 12:02 PM
Gildas wrote that the country was almost entirely possessed by a Cymric population, where ultimately a powerful Cymric kingdom was formed. On the
east coast, from the Tyne to the Esk, settlements of Saxons gradually encroached on the Cymry. Until the year 360 the Roman province extended to the
northern wall which crossed the isthmus between the Forth and the Clyde. Barbarian tribes broke into the province, which the Roman authors tell us
consisted of the Picts, Scots, and Saxons, and were driven back, but they made incursions from time to time.
Gildas tells us that the Saxons made their descent on the east coast, the Picts from the north, and the Scots from the
west. All texts concur in making Ireland the head-quarters of the latter. Gildas goes on to say that the Picts finally occupied the country up to the
southern wall and settled down in the northern regions. The writings of Gildas concur
with the texts written by contemporary Roman and Greek authors.
The barbaric tribes who broke into the province in 360 were driven back by Theodosius in 368, and the province restored to the northern wall. In 383
the title of Imperator was usurped by Maximus who took the Roman troops to Gaul. This is succeeded by the first major incursion by the Picts and
Scots, when the Britons asked the Romans for assistance. Stilicho sends a single legion to help and he drove them back and reconstructed the northern
wall. Claudian records the defeat of the barbarian tribes, which he names Picts, Scots, and Saxons, the fortifying of the wall, and the recall of the
legion in 402.
Then follows the second major incursion by the Picts and Scots, and a second appeal for assistance. This time a larger force is sent, again driving
back the barbarians. Then comes the third incursion by the Picts and Scots. Honorius wrote to the cities of Britain telling them they must protect
themselves. The Picts settled down in the region north of the wall, the Scots returned to Ireland, soon to reappear and again build settlements on the
western sea-board. The Saxons were asked for help, but instead they unite with the Picts to attack the Britons, and finally bring the greater part of
the county under their rule in 441.
Even then the Kings of Cambria were still Welsh. In 573 the great battle of Ardderyd was fought between Gwenddolew and on the other side three
chieftans, Maelgwn Gwynedd, Rydderch Hael and Aedan, son of Gafran, the most powerful chieftans at that time. Each of these three went on to found a
powerful kingdom in Britain. It is written that 80,000 Cymry were engaged in this battle. After winning the battle, Rydderch Hael established himself
in Alclyde (Dumbarton), as the first monarch of the kingdom of Cambria (Strathclyde) and Y Gogled (The North). Aedan was made king of Dalriada by St.
Columba in the island of lona. Maelgwn Gwynedd became King of Cymru (Wales) and Britain.
The entire literature of Wales testifies to the fact that the Picts belonged to the race of the Gwyddyl, and not to the Cymric race. This is from the
" Three social tribes of the Isle of Britain — the nation of the Kymry, the race of the Lloegrwys and the Brython — and these are said to be
descended from the original nation of the Cymry, and to be of the same language and speech. Three refuge-seeking tribes that came to the Isle of
Britain — the tribe of Celyddon yn y Gogled, the race of the Gwyddyl that are in Alban, and the men of Galedin. Three invading tribes that came to
the Isle of Britain — the Coraniaid, the Gwyddyl Ffichti who came to Alban by the sea of Llychlyn, and the Saeson."