I'll outline here what seems to me a very great mystery, arguably THE greatest, it concerns correspondence between Mayan and Old Kingdom Egyptian
creation myth, separated as these two cultures were by time and space there shouldn't be such peculiar and particular concerns.
I'll begin with the Maya, their conception of first time creation involving three stars of first establishment located within the constellation
The story of creation on QuiriguaStela gives us the most detailed information about the first moment. The text describes the first event as the
“appearance or manifestation of an image” . Here the image that appeared was of three stone-settings described as a jaguar throne stone placed by
the Paddler Gods at a place called Na-Ho-Chan, ‘House (or First or Female) Five-Sky’; a snake throne stone set up by an unknown god at Kab-Kah,
‘Earth-town and a water or ocean throne stone set up by Itzamna
Quirigua, Palenque, and other sites, the scribes specified further that the place where these stones were set was“Lying-down Sky First
.David Freidel and Schele, who were working on these concepts, immediately presumed that the three stones referred to the stones of a Maya
hearth. Not only does a hearth always have three stones in it, but they are arranged in the same triangular pattern as the glyph for Yax-Ox-Tunal.
Furthermore, as Matt Looper pointed out, Dennis Tedlock(1985) had identified the lower triangle of stars in Orion—Alnitak, Saiph, and Rigel—as the
three stones of the hearth. At the 1992 Workshop on Maya Hieroglyphic Writing,Barbara Tedlock further added that theK’iche’ call Orion Je Chi
Q’aq’, ‘dispersed fire’
The cosmic hearth was not the only image generated by creation according to the ancient texts. Another inscription published in Mayer (1991)
says that “on 4Ahaw 8 Kumk’u, was seen the first image of the turtle, the great divine lord”
This turtle is the double-headed turtle that cracks open for the rebirth of the Maize God and like the cosmic hearth can be found in the sky.
Because the three stars on the turtle’s back match the belt of Orion, Schele(1992) believes the turtle to be located there
None of this is my own research but i would concur with their conclusions, to this i would draw attention to the sign for the place of establishment
that is seen beneath the cosmic tree, the stepped hieroglyph which can also be the sign for a city or pyramid/sacred mountain, this then would also
appear to relate to the three points of first establishment relative to Orion.
I would also draw attention to the Principle bird Deity, the falcon of night and day, that could be illustrated above the sign for first
From the late Post-Classic Paris Codex back in time to the Pre-Classic San Bartolo murals, god D (Itzamna) has the so-called Principal Bird
Deity The bird often holds a bicephalous snake in its beak. Its head sometimes resembles that of a rain deity; at other times, it is more like that
of a bird of prey, perhaps the laughing falcon believed to be a harbinger of rain. The wings are repeatedly inscribed with the signs for 'daylight'
and 'night', suggesting that the bird's flight could represent the unfolding of time.
That would look sort of familiar to an Egyptologist, lets examine why...
The Mayan identifications of the first creation place with Orion seem generally accepted and non-contentious, as far as the Egyptian correlation goes
i would have to say that everything you have read on the interwebs for this is wrong, at least for the Old Kingdom, the familiar striding figure was
after the Sumerian 'Shepherd of Anu' introduced in the Middle Kingdom and associate with the proliferating cult of Osiris, who amongst many other
Deities assimilated the Cult of Sokar, who represented Orion in the Old Kingdom.
Its always been problematic to explain how Sokar in the Old Kingdom could have represented an ideogram for the constellation Orion, taking into
account the Mayan configuration however, it becomes very easy...
First we should note that the Sokar festival of Khoiak was a seasonal agricultural festival based upon the position of Orion relative to the local
horizon, as in the case of the Mayans there was direct relevence to the birth/rebirth of an agricultural Deity
He represented the fertility that lies at the bottom of the underworld as well as the minerals and vegetal produce of the earth. He was carried on a
boat known as the Henu-barque which had the form of a the crescent moon. His stellar manifestation was that of Orion.
The agrarian calendar perfectly defines the liturgy: the onions planted at the end of September and picked at the end of October are heralding
the arrival of the light and are going to be transplanted in the land to be ready to be chewed at the time of the festival of Bastet, February 5th, as
all snakes come out of their hibernation and when the swallows begin to return announcing the summer sun. The small onions, early fruits and
vegetables, inhaled to receive a new breath at the time of the ntryt-night, having germinated during the winter period, become witnesses to a source
of rebirth to a chthonian life, with the image of a living Sokar in a cave and carrying the solar star in the Duat. The solarisation or light created
the 25th and 26th of Khoiak leads to a stellar design (or darkness with appearance of the constellation of Orion).
It is the arc wingspan of Sokar, the night falcon, that directly equates to the primeval mound of first creation, with the Mayan this is the carapace
of the turtle, thus there are differances in stylistic approach, and yet they locate their mounds of first creation in the same locale.
Sokar is drawn across the cosmic waters in the Henu barque, a turtle naturally can simply swim.. There appears to be a concern in the Henu barque
sometimes with the triangular formulation around the Orion nebula, the three points of first establishment.
Sokar was the principle Deity of the necropoli at Giza, Saqqara and Abusir, the pyramid having association with the mound of first creation, and the
place of rebirth, as in the Mayan example, from the centre or heart of the turtle carapace.
The Mayans considered this central place of first creation as were the cosmic tree of the Heavens was raised, as did the Egyptians in terms of the
raising of the Djed column, the Underworld realm of Sokar having centrality within the Duat.
It's hard to see how these particular and peculiar commonalities arose, like i said, why the heart of first creation should have been seen as within
the Orion nebula, perhaps though it explains why 'the engineers' ride within a Henu barque...
then again perhaps not, but all very intriguing.
edit on 18-12-2012 by Kantzveldt because: (no reason given)
edit on 18-12-2012 by Kantzveldt because:
(no reason given)