The Phoenicians are a very obscure civilization. If you Google around you will find a lot of articles about them, and it is interesting to note they
are also called the "Neo-Canaanites".
's map is thought to correspond closely with the general concept of the
Canaan, land that made up the ancient Jewish Kingdoms of Israel and Judah, along with neighboring areas
Now check out this article called "Names of the Levant
, and reveals that we are talking
more about geographical distinction in the sense of a "region", rather than speaking about a specific culture or peoples exclusively.
There were many names this region was called, such as Retjenu in Egypt, and an extensive list of other names for the same thing, from different
peoples and different eras.
Here is the snippet on Canaan:
A long time before and during the early Hebrew settlements in the region, the land was called Canaan (first recorded in Assyrian Akkadian as
Kinaḫnu), and its indigenous people were the Canaanites. The Phœnicians, who spoke a Canaanite language at their Mediterranean ports, also called
themselves and their land Canaan.
"Before and during the early Hebrew settlements in the region".
This is the connection between the Hebrews and the Canaanites, and then later on they became known as the
Look closely at this map revealing how the Phoenicians and the Hellenistic peoples (Greeks) were expanding rapidly during the period all over the
Mediterranean, Black Sea, and even potentially outside into the Atlantic.
Map (Wiki) 500 BC Hellenic-Phoenician Expansion
Here is a snippet mentioning how from roughly 1000bc, they had began "colonizing" these diverse regions.
From the 10th century BC, their expansive culture established cities and colonies throughout the Mediterranean. Canaanite deities like Baal and
Astarte were being worshipped from Cyprus to Sardinia, Malta, Sicily, Spain, Portugal, and most notably at Carthage in modern Tunisia.
Notice that the Hebrews are intimately connected to Canaan, and by extension, Egypt.
Here is a timeline of supposed information to show the flow:
Moses -roughly 1300 BC(?)
Rabbinical Judaism calculated a lifespan of Moses corresponding to 1391–1271 BCE; Christian tradition has tended to assume an earlier
Remember "Moses" was adopted into the Egyptian royal family according to legend?
Here is the period in question:
Eightteenth Dynasty of Egypt
Notice all of the "Moses" names: Thutmose I,II,III,IV, female version Ahmose. Other rulers in this period include Amenhotep, which references
, the Egyptian equivalent of El or Baal. (And it is what everyone says at the end of their prayers,
The Kingdom of Israel
was founded in roughly 1020 BC, and it claims
The Kingdom of Israel (or Northern Kingdom) existed as an independent state until 722 BCE when it was conquered by the Assyrian Empire; while the
Kingdom of Judah (or Southern Kingdom) existed as an independent state until 586 BCE when it was conquered by the Babylonian Empire. 
But recall the map of the "Phoenician Expansion" I posted Earlier showing 500 BC roughly, that was around the time of the "end of Israel as a
unified nation"? It claimed the major movements of expansion began around 1000BC, the same time the Kingdom of Israel was formed. Think about
it...the words "Phoenician", "Canaanite", and "Hebrew" (among many other distinctions), bleed into each other and although they can be used
separately, they can be also used interchangeably depending on context.
In comparison, the "Ancient Greeks" timeline was happening at the very same time as our biblical accounts:
Traditionally, the Ancient Greek period was taken to begin with the date of the first Olympic Games in 776 BC, but most historians now extend the
term back to about 1000 BC.
Additional Links about their deities and proof that Hebrews are connected with it at various points historically:
who is heavily associated with Ba'al
, El's consort, who is associated with