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TextThe research team, led by Roberts, designed an experiment in which rats visited the ‘arms’ of a maze at different times of day. Some arms contained moderately desirable food pellets, and one arm contained a highly desirable piece of cheese. Rats were later returned to the maze with the cheese removed on certain trials and with the cheese replaced with a pellet on others. Three groups of rats were tested in the research using three varying cues: when, how long ago or when plus how long ago. Only the cue of "how long ago food was encountered" was used successfully by the rats. These results, the researchers say, suggest that episodic-like memory in rats is qualitatively different from human episodic memory, which involves retention of the point in past time when an event occurred. “The rats remember whether they did something, such as hoarded food a few hours or five days ago,” explained Roberts. “The more time that has passed, the weaker the memory may be. Rats may learn to follow different courses of action using weak and strong memory traces as cues, thus responding differently depending on how long ago an event occurred. However, they do not remember that the event occurred at a specific point in past time.” Previous studies have suggested that rats and scrub jays (a relative of the crow and the blue jay) appear to remember storing or discovering various foods, but it hasn’t been clear whether the animals were remembering exactly when these events happened or how much time had elapsed. “This research,” said Roberts, “supports the theory I introduced that animals are stuck in time, with no sense of time extending into the past or future.”
TextThe fact that we humans possess a ‘biological clock’ is well known. During the night our body works differently from the daytime: we need sleep, at a certain moment it is nearly impossible to stay awake. Accidents happen very often in late night or early morning, a time at which a human being should be sleeping (Chernobyl, Exxon Valdez, etc). That fever is at its highest during the late afternoon is well known, but especially since more and more people make journeys, often in short time over a long distance, many of us experience their clocks in the shape of ‘jetlag’, which occurs because the different clocks of our body react differently. It can last a week before they work again in tune. We have a lot of different clocks in our body, possibly even one in every cell. The problems people experience with jetlag have stimulated the development of chronobiology. Also in connection with space travel much research is being done in this field: how will the body manage when it does not experience the earthly day-night-rhythm for years?
TextHuman beings, plants and animals have a biological clock and it tells each plant, human and animal when to eat, sleep and when to wake up. Human beings, plants and animals have a biological clock and it tells each plant, human and animal when to eat, sleep and when to wake up. In addition to this, we are able to reset this clock to fit in more usefully with our everyday life. Do you wake up early on weekends even if you don't want to? Have you ever suffered from jet lag? If so, you are probably feeling the effects of one or more of the so called biological clocks within your body. The understanding of these clocks can be very helpful to you, for by doing so you may be able to learn to "set" them to wake up at a prearranged time, remind you of appointments or even help you to return to your car before the time expires on your parking meter. If someone's daily biological clock runs fast, the person will tend to get sleepy early in the evening, but will be able to wake up in the morning with little difficulty. Exposure to the day/night cycle of the outside world will help him or her to reset his biological clock each day- humans being able to do this more easily than animals- otherwise he would go to bed earlier and get up earlier and earlier each day. Because of this need to readjust his internal clock, he is continually under pressure from the external world.
TextThe fact that the objectively real, functional time is formed as a result of consistent change of concrete material object states can be illustrated on an example of a mollusk time reflex formation: “The course of the experiments is as follows: the mollusk receives shocks with low-power current every five minutes. After shock it hides in a shell for a short while and then continues its motion. After the shocks stop the mollusk continues to hide in a shell every five minutes. It proves the availability of time system”3. In this connection we remark first of all that this example is not a proof of the mollusk’s astronomic time counting system, as there is no such time in nature. The mollusk hides in a shell every five minutes not due to the availability of counting systems of postulated nonexistent time in nature but because every five minutes consistent change of definite, strictly identical number of states takes place in the mollusk’s organism. As a result the own time of mollusk is formed in which it lives, exists.
to the earths schumann resonance, or heart beat, which pulses around 7hz
TextThe resonance of Earth (Schumann Resonance) has been 7.8Hz for thousands of years. Since 1980 it has risen to over 12Hz. This means that 16 hours now equate to a 24 hour day. Time is speeding up! * The physical body has already begun to change. A new light body is being created.
Originally posted by Aleister
reply to post by diamondsmith
I wonder if you leave your dog for a week, if seven to eight weeks in dog-weeks pass in its brain. They take so many naps per day, maybe each day for us is like a week for them.
TextMost dogs are never late for a meal -- they know exactly where to be at the same time every day. They also know when to expect their owner home and, like clockwork, place themselves patiently at the door for that arrival. When you witness this behavior, you assume dogs have a sophisticated understanding of time. But what is time really like for a dog? They say a human year is equivalent to about seven dog years. But what does this common theory tell us about a dog's perception of time? Actually, very little. The idea of "dog years" comes from the life expectancy of dogs compared to humans. So it wouldn't be correct to apply this idea to the concept of time perception.
Originally posted by diamondsmith
The speed of change is more perceptive at the level of human body then other creatures,I think.
They are because ,we are aware of time and his passing.
tell that to the animals that are so biologically confused
Originally posted by diamondsmith
The question is how they feel time,is any difference in the level of perception?
That is based on conditioning they do not sense time.
our old cat could definitely tell the time, because every day, dead on five pm, she would be sitting by the kitchen door demanding her dinner!
TextThe concept of classical conditioning is studied by every entry-level psychology student, so it may be surprising to learn that the man who first noted this phenomenon was not a psychology at all. Ivan Pavlov was a noted Russian physiologist who went on to win the 1904 Nobel Prize for his work studying digestive processes. It was while studying digestion in dogs that Pavlov noted an interesting occurrence – his canine subjects would begin to salivate whenever an assistant enter