The 2008 excavations at Hohle Fels Cave in the Swabian Jura of southwestern Germany recovered a female figurine carved from mammoth ivory from the basal Aurignacian deposit. This figurine, which is the earliest depiction of a human, and one of the oldest known examples of figurative art worldwide, was made at least 35,000 years ago. This discovery radically changes our views of the context and meaning of the earliest Paleolithic art.
The Venus shows a range of entirely unique features as well as a number of characteristics present in later female figurines. The Venus of Hohle Fels lacks a head. Instead an off-centered, but carefully carved ring is located above the broad shoulders of the figurine. This ring, despite being weathered, preserves polish suggesting that the figurine was worn as a pendant. Beneath the shoulders, which are roughly as thick as they are wide, large breasts project forward. The figurine has two short arms with two carefully carved hands with visible fingers resting on the upper part of the stomach below the breasts.
The Venus has a short and squat form with a waist that is slightly narrower than the broad shoulders and wide hips. Multiple deeply incised horizontal lines cover the abdomen from the area below the breast to the pubic triangle. Several of these horizontal lines extend to the back of the figurine and are suggestive of clothing or a wrap of some sort. Microscopic images show that these incisions were created by repeatedly cutting along the same lines with sharp stone tools.
The legs of the Venus are short and pointy. The buttocks and genitals are depicted in more details. The split between the two halves of the buttocks is deep and continues without interruption to the front of the figurine where the vulva is visible between the open legs. There can be no doubt that the depiction of oversized breast, exentuated buttocks and genetalia result from the deliberate exaggeration of the sexual features of the figurine. In addition to the many carefully depicted anatomical features, the surface of the Venus preserves numerous lines and deliberate markings.
Originally posted by undo
she's one of these
hey, don't shoot me, i'm just the researcher
venus of wilendorf's feet are missing. they were mostly like clawed feet. as the famous mother goddess statue at one point had what looked to be a thick muscled clawed foot but they've since modified it. dunno why they don't want people to know. seems a bit odd.
[edit on 11-5-2010 by undo]
The earliest representations of Lilith seem to be as a great winged Bird Goddess, a wind spirit, or one associated with the Sumerian, Ninlil, Goddess of the Grain, and wife to Enlil. As the “hand of Inanna”, Lilith was notorious for bringing men from the street and fields of war to Inanna’s temple for holy sexual rites, in which the intention was to civilize the people. The sacred sexual customs were, in fact, considered the greatest gift of Inanna.
Lilith is a Sumerian/Babylonian demon-goddess, who is perhaps better known for Her role in Hebrew legend. Called "The Dark Maid" or "Maiden of Desolation", Lilith is associated with owls and is a creature of the night. She is depicted on a Babylonian clay plaque from 2000-1600BCE as beautiful winged woman with bird's feet and claws.
As a young woman, Inanna, the Sumerian goddess of love and war, plants a sacred huluppu-tree from which She hopes to make Her throne (representing Her power as an adult woman) and bed (representing Her full sexuality). But Lilith, along with the serpent and the lion-faced anzu-bird, takes up residence in the huluppu-tree, as a symbol of Inanna's fears. The hero Gilgamesh eventually drives Lilith out, and Inanna is then able to claim Her throne and bed.
The figure holds a wisent horn, or possibly a cornucopia, in one hand, which has 13 notches. According to some researchers, this may symbolize the number of moons or the number of menstrual cycles in one year.
One theory, recounted by the mythologist Joseph Campbell, states that the 13 notches represent the number of nights between the first crescent and full moon, signifying a recognized relationship between a single menstrual and lunar cycle. Several examples of this type of perceived lunar record keeping were studied by the archeologist Alexander Marshack.
Thus the cycle is one of eight Earth orbits/years, but over the 2,920 days the planet Venus will have undertaken thirteen orbits, as her orbital period is around 224.6 (Earth) days in duration, so 2,920/13=224.6...which gives as a basis for the Earth-Venus relationship the fact that One cycle=8 Earth orbits or 13 Venus orbits.