posted on Oct, 13 2009 @ 03:06 PM
Psalm 110 gives us undeniable Scriptural evidence that there were two divine Beings Who were both known as Jehovah in Old Testament times. In the
first verse of Psalm 110, David was inspired to prophesy that a divine Being called Adon would be invited to sit at the right hand of a divine Being
called Jehovah. In the original Hebrew text, the same divine Being Who is called Adon in Verse 1 is called Jehovah in Verse 5. Psalm 110 is actually
describing one Jehovah sitting beside another Jehovah! The word Jehovah in Verse 5, however, was altered by the Levitical Massorites to read Adonay.
The Levites were hiding the truth that the Adon of Verse 1 was a second Jehovah!
In the original Hebrew text, Psalm 110 clearly reveals two Jehovahs sitting beside each other, one speaking to the other and foretelling future
events. This psalm contains an explicit prophecy of a Jehovah/Adon who would become both the Messiah and the High Priest of a new priesthood after
the order of Melchizedek. Notice carefully these prophetic verses in Psalm 110. Sections in bold are those passages which have been quoted in the
“The LORD [Hebrew Jehovah] said unto my Lord [Hebrew Adon, the Messiah], Sit Thou [the Messiah] at My right hand, until I make Thine enemies Thy
footstool [quoted in Matthew 22:44, Mark 12:36, Luke 20:42-43, Acts 2:34-35, Hebrews 1:13]. The LORD [Hebrew Jehovah] shall send the rod of Thy
strength out of Zion: rule Thou [the Messiah] in the midst of Thine enemies. Thy people shall be willing in the day of Thy power, in the beauties of
holiness from the womb of the morning: Thou [the Messiah] hast the dew of Thy youth. The LORD [Hebrew Jehovah] hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou
[the Messiah] art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek [quoted in Hebrews 5:6 and 7:17] “ (Psa. 110:1-4).
The following verses continue the prophetic description of this Adon Who would become the Messiah. Notice especially Verse 5. In this verse, the
Hebrew name Yhvh, or Jehovah, in the original Hebrew text was changed by the Massorites to read Adonay.
“The Lord [Hebrew Adonay, originally Jehovah, referring to the Messiah] at Thy [the first Jehovah’s] right hand shall strike through kings in the
day of His wrath. He [Jehovah, the Messiah] shall judge among the heathen, He shall fill the places with the dead bodies; He shall wound the heads
over many countries. He shall drink of the brook in the way: therefore shall He lift up the head” (Psa. 110:5-7).
Verse 5 in the original Hebrew text clearly shows two Jehovahs! This key verse in Psalm 110 identifies the Adon in Verse 1 as a second Jehovah. The
context reveals that this Jehovah/Adon sitting at the right hand of the first Jehovah is the Messiah. The recorded words of Jesus Christ Himself
attest to this very fact.
How Christ Interpreted Psalm 110
No interpretation of Psalm 110 is more authoritative than the Scriptural record of the words spoken by Jesus Christ. He was the promised Messiah
about Whom the psalm was written. What did Psalm 110 mean to Christ? How did He interpret the words, “The Lord said unto my Lord”?
Let us examine the exact words of Jesus Christ as Matthew was inspired to record them, and then look at the accounts in the Gospels of Mark and
Matthew’s Gospel, written in Greek for Greek-speaking Christians at Jerusalem ca. 50 A.D., quotes Christ as stating that the psalmist David wrote
under the inspiration of the Spirit of God. Thus Psalm 110 carries the full authority of inspired Scripture! This psalm is not the mere musing of
an uneducated shepherd boy who had become king of Israel. Psalm 110 expresses the very thoughts and words of God Himself.
In Christ’s quotation of Psalm 110 in the Gospel of Matthew, we find the Greek word Kurios, or Lord, used in place of the Old Testament name
Jehovah. The Greek word Kurios, the equivalent of Jehovah, is also used in place of the name Adon. Here is New Testament confirmation that the name
Jehovah applies equally to the Adon in Verse 1 of Psalm 110!
This use of Kurios in the Gospel of Matthew verifies the accuracy of Psalm 110 as written by David in the original Hebrew text. It was no slip of the
pen when David described the divine Being in Verse 5 of Psalm 110 as “The Jehovah at Thy right hand.” Matthew’s record of Christ’s words
shows that David correctly named the divine Being sitting to the right of Jehovah as another Jehovah. Jesus’ own words reveal that this Jehovah
Who sits at the right hand of the first Jehovah is the Son of Jehovah. Here are the words of Christ Himself as recorded by Matthew:
“While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose Son is He? They say unto Him, The son of
David. He saith unto them, How then doth David in Spirit call Him Lord [Greek Kurios, equivalent to Hebrew Jehovah], saying, The Lord [Greek Kurios,
or Jehovah the Father] said unto my Lord [Greek Kurios, or Jehovah the Son], Sit Thou [the Son] on My right hand, till I [the Father] make Thine
enemies Thy footstool? If David then call Him Lord [Greek Kurios, or Jehovah], how is He [the Messiah] his Son? And no man was able to answer him a
word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask him any more questions” (Mat. 22:41-46).
The Jews of Jesus’ day could not answer Jesus’ question because they were blinded to the truth that is revealed in Psalm 110. They had been
misled by their religious leaders into believing that Jehovah was the name of a single divine Being. They were convinced that there was only one
Jehovah in the entire Old Testament. After all, that was the teaching of the scribes and Pharisees. These religious leaders claimed that there could
never be more than one divine Being. They viewed the prophesied Messiah strictly as a national deliverer and a physical descendant of King David.
When we read Jesus’ statements concerning Psalm 110 in the Gospel of Mark, we find an accompanying warning from Jesus to be on guard against the
doctrine of the scribes. Why? Because they denied the revealed truth of Scripture! They had blinded their eyes to the two Jehovahs of Psalm 110 and
other Old Testament passages. While they professed to worship the God of Scripture, the scribes had long ago turned to a religion of “strict
monotheism.” It was the rigid monotheistic tradition of Judaism that led them to reject the truth that the prophesied Messiah (the very Jesus
standing before them) was known as Jehovah in the Old Testament. They could not answer Jesus’ question concerning the second Kurios in Psalm 110
because they did not want to admit that the Scriptures revealed two Jehovahs. Notice Jesus’ words and warning:
“And Jesus answered and said, while He taught in the temple, How say the scribes that Christ is the son of David? For David himself said by the
Holy Ghost, The LORD [Greek Kurios, Jehovah the Father] said to my Lord [Greek Kurios, Jehovah the Son] Sit Thou [the Son] on My right hand, till I
[the Father] make Thine enemies Thy footstool. David therefore himself calleth Him Lord [Greek Kurios, or Jehovah]; and whence is He then his Son?
And the common people heard him gladly. And He said unto them in His doctrine, Beware of the scribes, which love to go in long clothing, and love
salutations in the marketplaces, and the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts: which devour widows’ houses, and for a
pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation [heavier judgment]” (Mark 12:35-40).
These scribes made a great show of outward devotion to God. They pretended to know God, while all the time refusing to believe what God had revealed
in His Word. They rejected the truth that there were two Jehovahs in the Old Testament, and that one of those Jehovahs would become the Messiah
before Whom they would some day stand in judgment! Because they denied the reality of the righteous judgment of God through His Son, they had no fear
of God to restrain them from oppressing the poor and the helpless in the land.
Luke also records Jesus’ quotation of Psalm 110 and repeats Jesus’ warning to His followers not to fall into the error of the scribes. Notice
“And He said unto them,How say they that Christ is David’s son? And David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The Lord [Greek Kurios, Jehovah the
Father] said unto my [David’s] Lord [Greek Kurios, Jehovah the Son], Sit Thou [the Son] on My right hand, till I [the Father] make Thine enemies Thy
footstool. David therefore calleth Him Lord [Greek Kurios, or Jehovah], how is He then his Son? Then in the audience of all the people He said unto
His disciples, Beware of the scribes, which desire to walk in long robes, and love greetings in the markets, and the highest seats in the synagogues,
and the chief rooms at feasts; which devour widows’ houses, and for a show make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation [heavier
judgment]” (Luke 20:41-47).
Jesus did not hesitate to condemn the scribes for their hypocrisy. They, of all Jews of that time, should have acknowledged the truth of Scripture
and have been walking in the fear of God. They were well acquainted with the Scriptures because their days were spent making copies of the sacred
text. Yet the hardness of their hearts led them to deny the wonderful truth of the Jehovah/Messiah of Psalm 110 Who had come to earth in their
The fulfillment of this wonderful Old Testament prophecy is fully documented in the New Testament for all who are willing to believe. We find this
Scriptural evidence not only in the Gospels, but also in the testimony of the apostles Peter and Paul.