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Olaf Jansen makes the startling announcement through me, an humble instrument, that in like manner, God created the earth for the "within" - that is to say, for its lands, seas, rivers, mountains, forests and valleys, and for its other internal conveniences, while the outside surface of the earth is merely the veranda, the porch, where things grow by comparison but sparsely, like the lichen on the mountain side, clinging determinedly for bare existence.
Take an egg-shell, and from each end break out a piece as large as the end of this pencil. Extract its contents, and then you will have a perfect representation of Olaf Jansen's earth. The distance from the inside surface to the outside surface, according to him, is about three hundred miles. The center of gravity is not in the center of the earth, but in the center of the shell or crust; therefore, if the thickness of the earth's crust or shell is three hundred miles, the center of gravity is one hundred and fifty miles below the surface.
On the top of a high mountain, near the fountain-head of these four rivers, Olaf Jansen, the Norseman, claims to have discovered the long-lost "Garden of Eden," the veritable navel of the earth, and to have spent over two years studying and reconnoitering in this marvelous "within" land, exuberant with stupendous plant life and abounding in giant animals; a land where the people live to be centuries old, after the order of Methuselah and other Biblical characters; a region where one-quarter of the "inner" surface is water and three-quarters land; where there are large oceans and many rivers and lakes; where the cities are superlative in construction and magnificence; where modes of transportation are as far in advance of ours as we with our boasted achievements are in advance of the inhabitants of "darkest Africa."
The distance directly across the space from inner surface to inner surface is about six hundred miles less than the recognized diameter of the earth. In the identical center of this vast vacuum is the seat of electricity -- a mammoth ball of dull red fire -- not startlingly brilliant, but surrounded by a white, mild, luminous cloud, giving out uniform warmth, and held in its place in the center of this internal space by the immutable law of gravitation. This electrical cloud is known to the people "within" as the abode of "The Smoky God." They believe it to be the throne of "The Most High."
Some of the rivers "within," Olaf Jansen claims, are larger than our Mississippi and Amazon rivers combined, in point of volume of water carried; indeed their greatness is occasioned by their width and depth rather than their length, and it is at the mouths of these mighty rivers, as they flow northward and southward along the inside surface of the earth, that mammoth icebergs are found, some of them fifteen and twenty miles wide and from forty to one hundred miles in length.
I tried to forget my thirst by busying myself with bringing up some food and an empty vessel from the hold. Reaching over the side-rail, I filled the vessel with water for the purpose of laving my hands and face. To my astonishment, when the water came in contact with my lips, I could taste no salt. I was startled by the discovery. "Father!" I fairly gasped, "the water, the water; it is fresh!" "What, Olaf?" exclaimed my father, glancing hastily around. "Surely you are mistaken. There is no land. You are going mad." "But taste it!" I cried.
And thus we made the discovery that the water was indeed fresh, absolutely so, without the least briny taste or even the suspicion of a salty flavor.
One day about this time, my father startled me by calling my attention to a novel sight far in front of us, almost at the horizon. "It is a mock sun," exclaimed my father. "I have read of them; it is called a reflection or mirage. It will soon pass away."
But this dull-red, false sun, as we supposed it to be, did not pass away for several hours; and while we were unconscious of its emitting any rays of light, still there was no time thereafter when we could not sweep the horizon in front and locate the illumination of the so-called false sun, during a period of at least twelve hours out of every twenty-four.
Clouds and mists would at times almost, but never entirely, hide its location. Gradually it seemed to climb higher in the horizon of the uncertain purply sky as we advanced. It could hardly be said to resemble the sun, except in its circular shape, and when not obscured by clouds or the ocean mists, it had a hazy-red, bronzed appearance, which would change to a white like a luminous cloud, as if reflecting some greater light beyond.
We finally agreed in our discussion of this smoky furnace-colored sun, that, whatever the cause of the phenomenon, it was not a reflection of our sun, but a planet of some sort -- a reality.13
The immense craft paused, and almost immediately a boat was lowered and six men of gigantic stature rowed to our little fishing-sloop. They spoke to us in a strange language. We knew from their manner, however, that they were not unfriendly.
The houses were large and beautifully constructed, and quite uniform in appearance, yet without sameness. The principal occupation of the people appeared to be agriculture; the hillsides were covered with vineyards, while the valleys were devoted to the growing of grain.
I never saw such a display of gold. It was everywhere. The door-casings were inlaid and the tables were veneered with sheetings of gold. Domes of the public buildings were of gold. It was used most generously in the finishings of the great temples of music.
Vegetation grew in lavish exuberance, and fruit of all kinds possessed the most delicate flavor. Clusters of grapes four and five feet in length, each grape as large as an orange, and apples larger than a man's head typified the wonderful growth of all things on the "inside" of the earth.
The great redwood trees of California would be considered mere underbrush compared with the giant forest trees extending for miles and miles in all directions. In many directions along the foothills of the mountains vast herds of cattle were seen during the last day of our travel on the river.
After we had given an account of ourselves to the emissaries from the central seat of government of the inner continent, and my father had, in his crude way, drawn maps, at their request, of the "outside" surface of the earth, showing the divisions of land and water, and giving the name of each of the continents, large islands and the oceans, we were taken overland to the city of "Eden," in a conveyance different from anything we have in Europe or America. This vehicle was doubtless some electrical contrivance. It was noiseless, and ran on a single iron rail in perfect balance. The trip was made at a very high rate of speed. We were carried up hills and down dales, across valleys and again along the sides of steep mountains, without any apparent attempt having been made to level the earth as we do for railroad tracks.
The surprise of my father and myself was indescribable when, amid the regal magnificence of a spacious hall, we were finally brought before the Great High Priest, ruler over all the land. He was richly robed, and much taller than those about him, and could not have been less than fourteen or fifteen feet in height. The immense room in which we were received seemed finished in solid slabs of gold thickly studded with jewels of amazing brilliancy.
We learned that the males do not marry before they are from seventy-five to one hundred years old, and that the age at which women enter wedlock is only a little less, and that both men and women frequently live to be from six to eight hundred years old, and in some instances much older.
The people are exceedingly musical, and learned to a remarkable degree in their arts and sciences, especially geometry and astronomy. Their cities are equipped with vast palaces of music, where not infrequently as many as twenty-five thousand lusty voices of this giant race swell forth in mighty choruses of the most sublime symphonies. The children are not supposed to attend institutions of learning before they are twenty years old. Then their school life begins and continues for thirty years, ten of which are uniformly devoted by both sexes to the study of music.
Their principal vocations are architecture, agriculture, horticulture, the raising of vast herds of cattle, and the building of conveyances peculiar to that country, for travel on land and water. By some device which I cannot explain, they hold communion with one another between the most distant parts of their country, on air currents.
All buildings are erected with special regard to strength, durability, beauty and symmetry, and with a style of architecture vastly more attractive to the eye than any I have ever observed elsewhere.
About three-fourths of the "inner" surface of the earth is land and about one-fourth water. There are numerous rivers of tremendous size, some flowing in a northerly direction and others southerly. Some of these rivers are thirty miles in width, and it is out of these vast waterways, at the extreme northern and southern parts of the "inside" surface of the earth, in regions where low temperatures are experienced, that freshwater icebergs are formed. They are then pushed out to sea like huge tongues of ice, by the abnormal freshets of turbulent waters that, twice every year, sweep everything before them.
Whether inland among the mountains, or along the seashore, we found bird life prolific. When they spread their great wings some of the birds appeared to measure thirty feet from tip to tip. They are of great variety and many colors. We were permitted to climb up on the edge of a rock and examine a nest of eggs. There were five in the nest, each of which was at least two feet in length and fifteen inches in diameter.
After we had been in the city of Hectea about a week, Professor Galdea took us to an inlet, where we saw thousands of tortoises along the sandy shore. I hesitate to state the size of these great creatures. They were from twenty-five to thirty feet in length, from fifteen to twenty feet in width and fully seven feet in height. When one of them projected its head it had the appearance of some hideous sea monster.
The strange conditions "within" are favorable not only for vast meadows of luxuriant grasses, forests of giant trees, and all manner of vegetable life, but wonderful animal life as well.
One day we saw a great herd of elephants. There must have been five hundred of these thunder-throated monsters, with their restlessly waving trunks. They were tearing huge boughs from the trees and trampling smaller growth into dust like so much hazel-brush. They would average over 100 feet in length and from 75 to 85 in height.
Finally, one day I told the story in detail to my uncle, Gustaf Osterlind, a man of considerable property, and urged him to fit out an expedition for me to make another voyage to the strange land.
At first I thought he favored my project. He seemed interested, and invited me to go before certain officials and explain to them, as I had to him, the story of our travels and discoveries.
Imagine my disappointment and horror when, upon the conclusion of my narrative, certain papers were signed by my uncle, and, without warning, I found myself arrested and hurried away to dismal and fearful confinement in a madhouse, where I remained for twenty-eight years - long, tedious, frightful years of suffering!
You know, this kind of response I was refering to.
Originally posted by kidflash2008
reply to post by LiveForever8
While there are many unexplored underground caverns, the core of the Earth is made of molten iron. The iron creates the magnetic field that protects our planet from the harmful effects of the sun. Without the magnetic field and the heated core, our planet would become as dead as Mars, with trace water and a very thin atmosphere. The Earth cannot be hollow, as life could not exist.
"If I carve out a perfect sphere out of a bar magnet, how will it choose a north and a south pole?"
The poles of the bar magnet are determined by alignment of magnetic domains, or microscopic volumes of the magnetic material in which the electron spins are substantially pointing in the same direction. The magnetic domains are essentially tiny magnets, each with a north and south pole. They are present in non-magnetized magnetic materials, but their poles are pointing in random directions, thus canceling each other's minute fields so that there is no external magnetic field. When the material is magnetized, usually by applying a high intensity pulse from an external magnetizing field, many of the individual domains rotate so that they are aligned with the external field. This alignment takes energy to overcome the mechanical resistance of rotating the domains, as well as adding energy to the magnet by increasing the order from the random arrangement to the aligned arrangement, i.e., a reduction in entropy.
The resistance to aligning the domains is also what keeps them from spontaneously returning to their original random state when the magnetizing field is removed. This is true in so-called "hard" magnetic materials versus the "soft" materials, which retain very little of the impressed magnetic field.
From this explanation it is seen that the orientation of the poles is contained in the physical alignment of the domains in the original bar magnet. The direction of the poles will therefore be retained in sphere relative to its orientation in the unaltered bar.
The result would be quite different if the magnetic dipoles were composed instead of free monopoles, analogous to electric charges. If a conducting sphere were charged with an excess of electrons, their mutual repulsion would cause them to move and distribute evenly over the surface of the sphere, resulting in no electric "pole" at all.
Originally posted by TheMythLives
reply to post by LiveForever8
The best evidence that I can think of that it is not hollow. Is due to the hot water that is under the oceans, the water is heated by extreme heat from under the earth (Underground Volcanoes).
Actually the book "etidorphia" explains that it is a chemical reaction where high salt metals come into contact with water. Here is what happens when Sodium is mixed with water. Imagine if it were 50 to 100 pounds, or more, that get drenched in water, under great pressure deep in the crust.
You are correct, I did not supply additional information. I was concerned a mod would accuse me of excessive quoting. Its happened in the past. Yes, the second answer was much more helpful in explaining how a sphere can be magnetized.
Originally posted by Hanslune
reply to post by All Seeing Eye
Howdy All Seeing Eye
I noted that your answer about the magnetic pole is taken from one answer by an unknown "Wilber" of unknown background and education. Why not use the more sensible answer provided just below that one?
If you truly believe this idea and think you have a scientific basis for it. Why not go up against real scientists instead of the laymen of the this board? I would recommend you place your idea and proof at this site:
Simple - it keeps the same north and south directions that it had when it was still part of the bar magnet. You can think of the bar magnet as being made up of a whole bunch of really really teeny bar magnets. The bar magnet gets its overall magnetization because all of these little component magnets are pointing in the same direction, and add up for an overall effect. So when you carve out your sphere, all the little teeny parts are still going to be in line with each other, and still be pointing the same way they were when they were part of the rest of the bar (unless you change their direction by spinning the sphere after you remove it).
Some people might be bothered by this description because they have been told that there are no "magnetic monopoles," i.e. there are no teeny little isolated magnetic field sources. This is true, but it turns out that if you take an electric field source (such as an electron) and run it around in a circle (say as if it were orbiting an atom), it then exhibits a magnetic moment, and looks a lot like a little magnet. These are the little magnets that I was referring to.
The next logical question might be, "well, if all it takes is electrons orbiting atoms to make up a little magnet, then why isn't everything made up of atoms magnetic?" The answer is that in a lot of cases, the teeny little magnets cancel each other out. One way they can do this is if you have two electrons orbiting a nucleus, only in opposite directions (i.e. one clockwise, one counterclockwise). Another way that magnetic fields cancel out is if the teeny bar magnets in a material are free to jiggle around in the material, and they become randomly oriented - then on average you have the same number pointed in one direction as in the opposite direction, and you get no overall effect. It's only in some special kinds of materials that you can get all the little bar magnets pointing in the same direction, and then "freeze" them there. These materials are then called magnetic materials, for obvious reasons.
Answered by: Gregory Ogin, Physics Undergraduate Student, UST, St. Paul, MN
Answered by: Scott Wilber, President, ComScire - Quantum World Corporation