The Chinese Navy, namely the Peopleís Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) was established in 1950, with the demise left by the Nationalist Navy and
helps from the Soviet Union. Under the ĎPeopleís Warí military strategy, the PLA Navy was only viewed as a maritime extension of the land forces for
seaward and coastal defence, and its evolution was heavily influenced by this strategy.
During the 1950s and 1960s, the PLAN focused on defending China's mainland from amphibious assault -- first from the perceived U.S. threat and,
later, from the perceived threat from the Soviet Union as its relationship with that country soured. Naval acquisitions were almost solely from
existing Soviet systems and platforms, and defensive tactics were largely modelled after the Soviet example. During these years, the PLA developed a
large fleet of relatively inexpensive (and thus expendable) missile boats, diesel submarines, and conventional attacker and bomber aircraft, which
could be used in a mass attack on amphibious units and their escorts. The few destroyer-sized combatants acquired by the PLAN during this period were
modelled primarily post-World War II-era Russian designs.
The PLA Navy comprises five branches: Surface Combatants, Submarine, Naval Aviation, Coastal Defence, and Marine Corps. The whole service is manned by
approximately 268,000 officers and soldiers. Most PLA Navy officers are educated to the degree level in Navy or civil colleges. Conscripts serve for
two years, and a Non-Commissioned Officer (NCO) force has been built up to support the navyís requirement for more professional staffs.
In recent years, the PLAN's maritime mission has evolved from a role of static coastal defence to one of ďactive offshore defenceĒ. In this capacity,
the PLAN can be used both as a tactical force and to support strategic national defence. The objectives of this new strategy are to assert China's
role as a regional maritime power, to protect coastal economic regions and maritime interests, and to optimise the Navy's operations for national
defence. The PLAN's responsibilities now include capture and defence of islands, and protection and blockade of sea-lanes of communication. Moreover,
the PLAN is increasingly viewed by senior PLA leadership as integral to resolution of the Taiwan issue -- should force be required -- and for
safeguarding China's Xisha and Nansha Islands in the South China Sea. Finally, the PLAN is likely to be increasingly used as an instrument of
overseas diplomacy through participation in goodwill cruises and port visits.
The PLAN's evolving strategy has been described in terms of two distinct phases. The strategy's first phase is for the PLAN to develop a "green
water active defence strategy" capability. This "green water" generally is described as being encompassed within an arc swung from Vladivostok to
the north, to the Strait of Malacca to the south, and out to the "first island chain" (Aleutians, Kuriles, Ryukyus, Taiwan, Philippines, and Greater
Sunda islands) to the east. Analysts have assessed that the PLAN is likely to attain this green water capability early in the 21st century.
Open-source writings also suggest that the PLAN intends to develop a capability to operate in the "second island chain" (Bonins, Guam, Marianas, and
Palau islands) by the mid-21st century. In the future, the PLAN also may expand its operations to bases in Myanmar, Burma. These bases will provide
the PLAN with direct access to the Strait of Malacca and the Bay of Bengal.
the future military ship including: type of 054 FFG
type of 052C DDG
type of 052B DDG
I love the Sovremenny Class (Project 956) Missile Destroyer. This ship have adv weapon and anti-air radar.
The Project 956 Sovremenny class was designed in the 1970s to confront the U.S. Navy Aegis cruisers and aircraft carrier combat groups. The Sovremenny
class was designed primarily for surface action operations. The most lethal weapon on this destroyer is the eight 3M-80E Moskit (SS-N-22 Sunburn)
supersonic anti-ship cruise missiles, which can attack surface targets 160 km away at a speed of 2.5 Mach. The Sovremenny class is also fitted with
two 9M38/SA-N-7 Gadfly SAM launchers capable of area-defence.
Anti-Ship Missiles: 3M-80E Moskit (Russian: Mosquito) (NATO codename: SS-N-22 Sunburn) antiship missile system, two 4-cell launchers with 8 antiship
missiles; active/passive radar homing to 160 km at 2.5 (attack 4.5) Mach, warhead 300 kg, sea skimmer
SAM: 9M38 (SA-N-7 Gadfly) SAM, two single launchers with 48 air defence missiles; semi-active radar and IR homing to 25 km at 3 Mach, warhead 70 kg,
multiple channels of fire
Four 130 mm/70 calibre AK-130 multi-purpose guns (two twin), with 2,000 rounds, 35~45 rd/min to 29.5 km
Four six-barrel 30 mm AK-630 air defence gun with 16,000 cartridges, 3,000 rd/min to 2 km
Torpedoes: 2 twin-barrel 533 mm torpedo tubes
Anti-Submarine Rockets: Two six-barrel RBU-1000 anti-submarine rocket launchers, range 1,000 m, warhead 55 kg, 120 rockets carried for torpedo
Mines: Mine rails for up to 40 mines.
Top Plate 3D, D/E-band
3 X Palm Frond, I-band
6 X Front Dome, F-band (for SA-N-7 control)
Kite Screach, H/I/K-band (for 130 mm gun control)
2 X Bass Tilt, H/I-band (for 30 mm AAA gun)
China optronic director and laser rangefinder
Band Stand, datalink for SS-N-22
Bell Nest, 2 X Light Bulb, and 2 X Tee Pump datalinks