Originally posted by pavil
China and India's military are mainly national defence forces, although modernizing and quite large. Neither of those countries have the ability to
place multiple divisions, air wing, naval groups halfway around the world and project power. Neither country has multiple world spanning military
arrangements for bases and assistance all around the world.
Well you certainly correct to a great extent but not entirely.
India has a navy that as of today can pretty much project power anywhere in the Indian Ocean, ASEAN and also in the Gulf.
The surface fleet has that ability. This obviously also includes the ability to deploy troops in the same regions;ASEAN,African East coast, Australia
and the gulf. Now India does not have any MAJOR contesting forces in the region except maybe Australia which cries fowl every alternate naval exercise
As far as its strike reach , well India has +300km (ASCM/LACM) range to the above mentioned boundaries.Also with the Su30 MKI a/c (3 sqdrns, 50+a/c
today) has a refuelling range of 8000km+ and when fitted with ASCM you can add another 300km to that.
One notable deficiency in the Indian Navy is that it does not have any
nuclear-powered assets which are vital to long term operational engagements.
As far as international military bases go India has a few in Central Asia and one is a MiG 29 equipped AFB. There are also installations in Bhutan,
and Nepal I think.
India has though has a very bad experience with foreign deployment in Sri Lanka where it went in as a PKF and was eventually under fire from both the
rebel LTTE and the Srilankan military. India lost 4000 troops in that tragic phase I think.
China(PLAN) has a major problem in terms of power projection in the Pacific because of two immediate roadblocks USN PACCOM and JMSDF(Japan).
They do have the inherent capability though to strike targets far away with their Su30 fleet with air re-fuelling. Also the new indegneous destroyers
and the Sovermeny destroyers give it a strategic depth.
Also the PLAN SSNs (lets keep it conventional) give it strategic depth.
China is compensating for this Pacific road block by actively engaging in harbour projects,intelligence gathering projects in countries like
Pakistan(Gwadar), Burma(Cocos Islands) and Bangladesh. Whether they will be stationing deployable assets in these locations esp. Pakistan is yet to be
seen due to Indo/US pressure.
China also has some troop deployments in Africa(Sudan I think) and maybe be looking to deploy in Central Asia as well as a mandate of the SCO, though
that also may face roadblocks vis-a-vis Russia and India.