*** The Concept:
Launch commercial satellites to orbit from a platform at sea.
Modern, accessible, user-friendly payload processing.
Automated launch operations.
All-inclination launch capability.
Affordable, reliable, new-generation launch vehicle, comprised of capable, flight-proven components.
Facilities and amenities of a U.S. launch site.
*** The Partners:
Boeing Commercial Space Company, Seattle, Washington, USA
Kvaerner ASA, Oslo, Norway
RSC-Energia, Moscow, Russia
SDO Yuzhnoye/PO Yuzhmash, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine
*** Sea Launch Rocket:
Stages 1 & 2: Zenit-3SL.
Stage 3: Energia-produced Block DM-SL.
Payload enclosure and interfaces: Boeing.
Widest diameter 14 feet.
Overall length 209 feet.
All stages kerosene/liquid oxygen fueled.
Capacity to geosynchronous transfer orbit:
*** Assembly & Command Ship:
Modified roll-on, roll-off cargo vessel design.
Rocket vehicle assembly facilities below decks.
Launch control facilities on upper decks.
Customer and crew accommodations for 240 people.
Approximate length 660 feet.
Approximate width 106 feet.
Approximate displacement of 34,000 tons.
*** Launch Platform:
Modified, self-propelled, ocean oil-drilling platform.
Rocket hangar, transporter-erector-launcher system, fuel storage/supply system with three-stage launch capacity.
Accommodations for 68 crew and spacecraft personnel.
Approximate length 436 feet.
Approximate width 220 feet.
Surfaced - 30,000 tons.
Submerged - 50,600 tons.
First studies - 1993.
Sea Launch venture formed - April 3, 1995
Ship construction commenced - December 1995
First order signed with Hughes Space and Communications - Dec. 18, 1995
Second order signed with Space Systems/Loral - July 12, 1996
Home Port construction - August 1996 - 1998
Vessels arrive at Home Port - 1998
First launch - March 27, 1999 - Demonstration Payload
First commercial launch - October 9, 1999 - DIRECTV 1-R
PanAmSat order signed (one launch plus four options) - February 2, 2000
Failed mission - March 12, 2000 - ICO F-1
Return to Flight mission - July 28, 2000 - PAS-9
Heaviest commercial payload in history - October 20, 2000
Most powerful commercial payload - XM-ROCK - March 18, 2001
XM constellation completed - XM ROLL - May 8, 2001
PanAmSat's Fleet Modernization Program completed - June 15, 2002 -
Heaviest commercial payload (as of launch date) - June 10, 2003
Additional launch services offering, Land Launch, October 2003
Fifth Anniversary of Launch Operations - March 27, 2004
Heaviest commercial payload (as of launch date) - May 4, 2004