The Peace of God to all that belong to the light,
This March 15th it was a a centenary of a historic event that marked as perhaps none other one the XX century. This event was going to change
absolutely the course of History, determining the outcome of two world wars, as well as one of the most tense periods in the international arena ever,
the cold war of the XX century.
Tzar Nicholas II, the last Monarch of a dynasty that ruled over all the Russias for more than 300 years was forced to abdicate the Throne in favor of
a democratic Republic leaded by his last Prime Minister Alexander Kerensky.
It is an event that seems remote and distant but it affected the lives of millions of human beings around the world.
It is estimated that about in between 3 to 4 million people died in terrible genocides during the Russian civil war that was triggered in the
communist coup d'etat leaded by Vladimir Lenin backed by Germany by November of 1917 and lasted to May of 1922, when the bolsheviks gained control
over the entire Russian Empire.
About two million more of people became refugees around the world and also became people without nationality, after Vladmir Lenin signed a
controversial law that removed the Soviet citizenship to all these exiles around the world.
The Russian exile was a tragedy for the peoples that lived it, but in the long run represented a transfer in arts, sciences and technology that
enriched a lot of countries that welcomed these immigrants.
The world would not have had the opportunity to know stelar figures in different fields like Igor Stravinsky, Marc Chagal, Wassily Kandinsky, Vaslav
Nijinsky, Sergei Diaghilev, Anna Pavlova, Helena Rubinstein, Arthur Rubinstein, Konstantin Stanislavski, Yul Brynner, Peter Ustinov, Mikhail Fokin,
George Balanchine, Golda Meir, Ayn Rand and many more if this sad event never had occurred.
It is interesting to reflect in this anniversary in the positive outcome that comes from this tragic historic event, the outstanding contribution
triggered by this forced exodus of intellectuals of the Old Russian Culture to the progress of the western civilization, in spite of the negative
propaganda that the USSR did of all of them at some point, trying to depict all that generation of defectors as criminals :
Wassily Kandinsky & Mark Shagalov (Chagall), 2 icons of the modern Art.
The philosopher Ivan Ilyin, exiled in Berlin & Switzerland
The composer, pianist and conductor Sergei Rachmaninoff, the last great representative of Russian late Romanticism in classical music.
The Engineers Vladimir Olhovsky & Pavel Trofimoff, the discoverers of the oil resources of Mexico.
Mark Aldanov (Mark Alexandrovich Landau), Novelist and mathematician
The World Chess champion Alexander Alexandrovich Alekhine
The Movie director André Andrejew
The philosopher Nikolai Alexandrovich Berdyaev
The Hollywood Star Yul Brynner(Yuliy Borisovich Brynner ) very famous for his roles of Ramses in the Ten Commandments and the King of Siam.
The Theologian, Philosopher and Economist Sergei Nikolaevich Bulgakov
The Bioquimistrian Dmitri Sokoloff, professor of the Instituto Polititecnico Nacional in Mexico city and also of the University of Chicago.
Ivan A. Bunin that was the first Russian writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.
The Theologian and pioneer of ecumenism Georges V. Florovsky
George Ignatieff that became a Canadian diplomat and was the recipient of the 1984 Pearson Medal of Peace for his work in international service.
The Nobel Prize in Economics Wassily W. Leontief.
Elizaveta Yurievna Pilenko, nun and poetess, better known as Mother Maria.
The historian Dmitri V.Nabokov
The Chess master, entomologist, and novelist Vladimir V.Nabokov.
Prince Alexander S. "Obo" Obolensky that was a famous international rugby football player.
Colonel Oleg I. Pantyukhov, the founder of the russian scouting.
Olga Preobrajenska the best loved ballerina of the Russian Imperial Ballet.
Alexander N. Prokofiev de Seversky, a Russian-American aviation pioneer, inventor, and influential advocate of strategic air power.
Nicholas V. Riasanovsky, professor emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley and the author of numerous books on Russian History.
Mikhail I. Rostovtzeff,was one of the 20th century's foremost authorities on ancient Greek, Iranian, and Roman history.
Alexander Schmemann a prominent 20th century Orthodox Christian priest, teacher, and writer.
St John (Maximovitch) of Shanghai & San Francisco, was a noted Eastern Orthodox ascetic and hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia
The philosopher Lev I. Shestov
Igor I. Sikorsky, a Russian-American pioneer of aviation who designed and flew the world's first multi-engine fixed-wing aircraft.
Pitirim A. Sorokin,Russian-American sociologist, founder of the Department of Sociology at Harvard University.
Victor Starffin, the first professional pitcher in Japan to win three hundred games
Otto L. Struve, became an American astronomer.
Ariadna Vladimirovna Tyrkova-Williams, a liberal politician, journalist, writer and feminist.
Marie Illarionovna Vassiltchikov,a Russian princess who was involved in the July 20 Plot to kill Adolf Hitler.
Vladimir I. Yourkevitch, a naval engineer, developer of the modern design of ship hulls, designer of the famous ocean liner SS Normandie.
Vladimir Kozmich Zworykin, a Russian-American inventor, engineer, and pioneer of television technology.
Igor Markevitch ,a Ukrainian composer and conductor
Many of the Russians exiles that came to the west during the different stages of the long sequence of crisis the Imperial Russia experienced in the
beginning of the XX century were prominent people in the countries in which they arrived. For instance Calouste Goulbenkian was one of the associate
founders of Royal Dutch Company, British Petroleum Company and Shell Petroleum Company, he was the most important petroleum entrepreuner of his
generation, known in the History as the 5% man, or David Sarnoff who shaped with his business genius the TV industry in the United States and his so
tallented engineer inventor Vladimir Kosmich Zworykin.
When Nicholas II abdicated all his rights and the ones of his son Czarevich Alexei to the Russian Imperial Throne it looks as practically the end of
a civilization that lasted a millenium and that was proudly multicultural, but also Christian as possibly no other one in the world, but not
completely since their cultural legacy still survive around us vibrantly in many areas.
Thanks for your attention, the thread is opened for the discussion of all the people interested in to meditate in the so vast consequences that the
end of the Imperial Russia represented for Humanity.
The Angel of Lightness
edit on 3/16/2017 by The angel of light because: (no reason given)