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The portion that were female rose steadily over that period, to 27 percent July 26-31.
At the same time, women and children under 15, the least likely to be legitimate targets, were the most underrepresented, making up 71 percent of the population and 33 percent of the known-age casualties.
The Times analysis, looking at 1,431 names, shows that the population most likely to be militants, men ages 20 to 29, is also the most overrepresented in the death toll: They are 9 percent of Gaza’s 1.7 million residents, but 34 percent of those killed whose ages were provided.
77.7 percent of the dead are male. Only 22.3 percent are female.
44 percent of the dead are men 18-28. Another 20 percent are men 29 to 48. Of the dead, 12 percent of the casualties are clearly children.
These numbers seem high, but Gaza demographics place 45% of the population in the 0-14 age group due to the high birth rate. That means there are a lot of children which dramatically increases the probability of children being killed during the fighting.
While they make up nearly half the population, they make up a disproportionately smaller percentage of the dead, demonstrating once again that Israel is going out of its way to limit civilian casualties and that its targets are military.
It seems unlikely that there will ever be a definitive breakdown both sides accept: Israel contends that some of the casualties were caused by errant Hamas rockets or mortars. Human rights groups acknowledge that people killed by Hamas as collaborators and people who died naturally, or perhaps through domestic violence, are most likely counted as well.
Then there is the question of who counts as a “combatant.”
There are uniformed men actively firing weapons. But Hamas also has political figures, members of its security service and employees of its ministries. In some eyes, anyone affiliated with the organization, which professes a goal of destroying Israel, is a combatant.
Indeed, when roughly 75% of the overall casualties are civilians, it absolutely proves that there are flaws with Israel's policies in regards to waging war with Hamas.
Since when is it ok to kill a politician and civil servants because of behing part of an extremist party.