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Alex Jones is trying to warn us about an evil syndicate of bankers who control most of the worlds governments and stand poised to unite the planet under their totalitarian reign, a "New World Order." While we might be tempted to dismiss Jones as a nut, the "Kind of Conspiracy" is a popular radio show host. The part time fil makers latest movie, The Obama Deception, in which he argues that Obama is a puppet of the criminal bankers, has been viewed millions of times on YouTube.
When we spoke, Jones ranted for two hours about FEMA concentration camps. Halliburton child kidnappers, government eugenics programs-and more. When I stopped him to ask for evidence the government is practicing eugenics, he pointed to a national security memorandum. But I found the document to be a bland policy report.
Jones "cherry picks not just facts but phrases, which, once interpreted his way, become facts in his mind," says Louis Black, editor of the Austin Chronicle, who knows Jones, a fellow Austin resident. When I confronted Jones with my reading of the report, he became pugnacious, launching into a diatribe against psychologists as agents of social control.
Conspiracy thinking is emabreced bye a suprisingly large proportion of the population. Sixty-nine percent of Americans believe President John F. Kennedy was killed bya conspiracy , and 42 percent believe the government is covering up evidence of flying saucers, finds Ted Goertzel, a professor of psychology at Rutgers University at Camden. Thirty-six percent of respondents to a 2006 Scripps News/Ohio University poll at least suspected that the U.S. Government played a role in 9/11.
We're all conspiracy theorists to some degree. Were all hard wired to find patterns in our enviroment , particularly those that might represent a threat to us. And when things go wrong, we find oursevles searching for what, or who, is behind it.
In his 1954 classic, The Paranoid Style In American Politics , historian Richard Hofstadter hypothesized that conspiracy thinking is fueled by underlying feelings of alienation and helplessness. recent research supports his theory. New Mexico State University psychologist Marina Albalakina-Paap has found that people who endorse conspiracy theorists are especially likely to feel angry, mistrustful, alienated from society, and helpless over larger forces controlling their lives.
Jones insists he ad a "Leave it to Beaver childhood." I couldnt confirm such an idyllic past. When I asked if I could interview his family or childhood friends, he insisted his family was very "private" and he had not kept in touch with a single friend. When asked if I might look tem up, he became irritated. He doubted he could "still spell their names," and besides, I'de already taken up enough of his time. "I turned down 50 or 60 requests for interviews this week," he wanted me to know.
The number sounded wildy inflated. Conspiracy Theorists have a grandiose view view of themselves as heros. "Manning the baricades of civilization" at an urgent "turning point" in history, Hofstadter held. Jones has a "messiah complex." Black contends. Grandiosity is often a defense against unerlying feelings of powerlessness.
Even well-grounded skeptics are prone to connect disparate dots when they feel disempowered. In a series of studies, Jennifer Whitson of the university of Texas and AdamGalinsky of Northwestern demonstrated that people primes o feel out of control are particularly likely to see patterns in random stimuli.
Might people be especially responsive to Jones message in today's America, marked by economic uncertainty and concerns about terrorism and government scandals? "There is a war on for your mind," Jones insists on his website, infowars.com. He calls his listeners "infowarriors."
Information is the conspiracy theorists' weapon of choice because if theres one thing they all agree upon, its that all the rest of us have been brainwashed. The "facts" will plainly reveal the existence of the conspiracy, they believe. And while all of us tend to bend information to fit our pre-existing cognitive schema, conspiracy theorists are more extreme. They are "immune to evidence," discounting contradictory information or seeing it as "proof of how clever the enemy is at covering things up," Goertzel says.
Conspiracy theorists exist on a spectrum from mild suspicion to full-on paranoia, and brain chemistry may play a role. Dopamine rewards us for noting patterns and finding meaning in sometimes insignificant events. Its long been known that schizophrenics overproduce dopamine. "The earliest stages of delusion are characterizd by an overabundance of meaningful coincidences," explain Paul D. Morrison and R.M. Murray of the Institute of Psychiatry at Kings College London. "Jumping to conclusions" is a common reasoning style among the paranoid, find Daniel Freeman and his colleagues, also at the Institute of Psychiatry.
Indeed, there are no coincidences in jones world. In a scene from The Obama Deception, Jones dives "into the belly of the beast," the hotel where purported conspirators will be meeting. As he begins a telephone interview, the fire alarm goes off. "The bastards have set us up." he says.
Jones says that he has been visited by the FBI and the Secret Service bu cant discuss the interviews. It may be that federal agents, in fact, wanted to evaluate whether he is a threat to the president. Theres no reason to believe he is--but the same cant be said for his listeners. In 2002, Richard McCaslin, carrying as arsenal of weapons, entered the Bohemian Grove, a campground in California that annually hosts a meeting of the political and buisness elite. He told authoritys he had been planning his commando raid for a year, after (he says) hearing Jones claim that ritual infant sacrifice was taking place there.
The "war" continues. In a video promoting The Obama Deception, Jones urges "We know who they are. Who know what they are. We know what has to be done."
-- John Gartner