The belief about the Knights Templar is that they were warrior monks who dedicated themselves to protecting Christians as they made pilgrimages to
Jerusalemís holy sites. However, Iíve read a conflicting theory that their true intention was to excavate Solomonís Temple and find his hidden
treasure, which included many ancient texts, secrets and relics of Divine power. It has been documented that the Templars did spend 10 years
excavating the temple and are believed to have found some, if not all, of what they were looking for. Below is some additional information relating
to their excavation there with some Rosslyn Chapel links.
Upon arrival in Jerusalem, the Knights (under the patronage of this Vatican appointed Monarch of Jerusalem) proceeded directly to the Temple Mount,
the ancient site of the Temple of Solomon, and immediately began excavating the (even then) ancient ruin. It is for this work that they received their
name, the Knights of the Temple (Knights Templar).
According to Knight and Lomas in The Hiram Key, the Temple of Solomon was a structure designed under the precepts of "sacred" geometry by the
earliest progenitors of Freemasonry, and was laid out in such a way as to invoke the essence of the Egyptian myths of Isis and Osiris. According to
the Royal (British) engineers who later examined the excavations of the Templars (in 1867), the Knights in 1118 found a secret room beneath the Temple
Mount, apparently knowing exactly what they were looking for and where to find it. Just what they found is the subject of legend, but it has gained
scholarly support recently.
According to the European Templar Heritage Research Network:
On the exterior of Chartres Cathedral, by the north door, there is a carving on a pillar, which gives us an indication of the object sought by the
burrowing Templars, representing the Ark of the Covenant, but in a rather strange context. The Ark is depicted as being transported on a wheeled
vehicle. Legend recounts that the Ark of the Covenant had been secreted deep beneath the Temple in Jerusalem centuries before the fall of the city to
the Romans. It had been hidden there to protect it from yet another invading army who had laid the city to waste. Hugh de Payen, one of the original
nine Templar Knights, had been chosen to lead the expedition mounted to locate the Ark and bring it back to Europe. Persistent legends recount that
the Ark was then hidden for a considerable time deep beneath the crypt of Chartres Cathedral. The same legends also claim that the Templars found many
other sacred artifacts from the old Jewish temple in the course of their investigations and that a considerable quantity of documentation was also
located during the dig. While there has been much speculation as to the exact nature of these documents, a reasonable consensus is emerging that they
contained scriptural scrolls, treatises on sacred geometry, and details of certain knowledge, art and science -- the hidden wisdom of the ancient
initiates of the Judaic/Egyptian tradition.
Until very recently these legends received short shrift from academic historians, but that situation is undergoing considerable change. One modern
archeological discovery tends to support the speculative scenario that the Templars knew where to look and precisely what they were seeking.. The
Copper Scroll, one of the Dead Sea Scrolls discovered at Quamran, tends to confirm not only the objective of the Templar excavations but also, albeit
indirectly, gives some credence to the bizarre concept of the transmission of knowledge through the generations that led to the original Templar
discoveries underneath the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.
The Copper Scroll, which was unrolled and deciphered at Manchester University under the guidance of John Allegro, was a list of all the burial sites
used to hide the various items both sacred and profane described as the treasure of the Temple of Jerusalem. Many of these sites have been
re-excavated since the discovery of the Copper Scroll, and several of them have disclosed not Temple treasure but evidence of Templar excavation made
in the twelfth century.
After their excavations were completed at the Temple Mount, the Knights returned to their native lands. Two of them ventured to Rosslyn, Scotland,
where they set up their headquarters. Shortly afterwards, the Knights were given the official seal of the Roman Catholic Church, and their numbers
swelled as wealthy landowners and aristocrats joined their ranks. The Templars went on a binge of Temple construction and brought back many sciences,
such as astronomy, from the holy land. Their order grew in stature, wealth and power quickly, and they won battle after battle against the Muslims
during the various crusades. Their secret power was supposedly that they held possession of a piece of the true cross of the crucifixion of Christ
(probably found in the Temple Mount excavations). This gave them powers over their enemies in battle and they were said to have never lost a battle
while in possession of the Cross.
They eventually lost the Cross in the battle of Hattin in 1187 to the Muslim Saladin. After marching on July 2nd, the Templars were surrounded and cut
off from water supplies. On July 4th, they broke ranks in thirst and panic, abandoned the encampment and the Cross, and were wiped out by Muslim
forces. (These two dates later would become crucial -- not only in the Templar-inspired formation of the United States of America (as we shall see),
but in the continuing "hidden ritual history" of NASA as well.)
Ultimately, despite the loss of the Cross, the Templars apparently became a threat to the Church itself. The Pope and the nearly broke King of France,
Philip le Bel (1268-1314), plotted to undermine the Order and seize their considerable treasures in France. On Friday, October 13th, 1307, the King's
men moved against the Knights and arrested many of them. (This is also why Friday the 13th is now considered unlucky).
Although the Papal conspiracy with King Philip succeeded in obtaining various "confessions" under torture and a considerable sum of Templar wealth,
the conspirators never found the ultimate Templar treasure itself -- which by now had been secreted away to Scotland. Even so, most of the Order was
wiped out in the 10/13 raid (the leader, Jaques de Molay, was burned at the stake), and its members scattered across Europe ... and beyond. On March
22, 1312, the Church officially dissolved the Order by Papal Bull (this date also subsequently became significant, in not only the Nazi movement in
Germany but also was another recurring NASA ritual date). Surviving German members formed the Teutonic Knights, and the Scottish members went
underground ... only to eventually re-emerge as the Freemasons.
Whatever ancient relics and treasures the Templars held from their Jerusalem (and other Holy Land) excavations, they were from this moment on secreted
away beneath Rosslyn Chapel in Scotland, in much the same way these same artifacts were once buried under the Temple Mount itself. The Chapel itself
bears no resemblance to a Christian structure, as many experts who have surveyed it have verified; remarkably, it is laid out along the same
architectural lines as the Biblical dimensions given for the original Solomon's Temple.
During the last few years there has been an enormous increase in the number of treasure salvage expeditions. Huge quantities of lost treasure are
being recovered. News reports of dramatic finds from all over the world have become commonplace. A stream of articles have appeared describing the
recovery of multi-million dollar fortunes from sunken ships and secret treasure-laden chambers. Sometimes the discoveries are made right under our
Advances in modern technology lie behind the recent boom in treasure hunting. The availability of high-resolution satellite images, the development of
ground-penetrating radar, portable seismic and sonar detectors, computer image enhancement and low-cost proton magnetometers have revolutionised the
age-old quest for treasure. These days, anyone can produce a detailed map of magnetic anomalies and subterranean caverns quickly and cheaply.
It is now possible to detect and recover sunken treasures from depths unimaginable even a few years ago. Unmanned robots steered by remote video link
can dive several miles beneath the ocean waves. Side-scanning sonar can probe the deepest marine trenches and identify the remains of long-lost
vessels waiting to be salvaged.
The cost of mounting an expedition is comparatively low, especially when using remote operated vehicles. The rewards of success can stagger the
imagination. A typical treasure wreck can yield anything from a few million to several hundred million dollars. Land based treasure hoards can exceed
that by an order of magnitude. Salvage expeditions financed by private consortia are springing up all over the world as people rush to join the great
Treasures have been hoarded, fought over and lost since the dawn of civilisation, when man first began to seek out and refine certain metals for their
unique properties. Gold and silver were the first examples. Their appeal has endured to the present day. These noble metals were first used for
religious purposes. Later, as primitive civilisations matured into trading nations, gold and silver became the principal means for storing wealth.
Royal treasuries and temples accumulated vast hoards of precious metals, which soon became the envy of less fortunate neighbours.
Many great treasures were plundered and transported all over the ancient world by conquering armies. Bloodthirsty Mongol nomads under the command of
Gengis Khan (1162-1222 AD) swarmed across the Steppes stripping every ounce of bullion from the coffers of cities from China in the east to Poland and
Hungary in the west and as far south as the Middle East. Gengis Khan's treasure has disappeared from the annals of history. It was reputedly buried
in his vast underground tomb in the trackless wilderness of Outer Mongolia. The burial party of 5,000 was said to have been slaughtered by an inner
circle of faithful soldiers who themselves were executed and so on until not a single witness remained to reveal the tomb's location.
Ceaseless wars throughout history served to concentrate regional wealth into larger and larger hoards, until it represented the accumulated wealth of
countless empires and kingdoms engaged in centuries of trade. Security soon became an important issue. Many ancient treasures were stored in secret
vaults whose location was known only to a few high priests or royal aides.
Sometimes the earth reclaimed her precious fruits when floods, famines, epidemics, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and storms sent her treasures back
to the depths of her womb.
Some of the world's lost treasures lie in fairly shallow waters, often within sight of land, lightly covered in sand and silt. The owners have long
departed this world, many perished in the very storms that sent their precious belongings to the bottom of the sea. Time and tide have obliterated
their memory from history.
Some treasure lies far out at sea, in the deep, dark waters beyond the continental shelf. Those wrecks usually lie on the bottom with hardly a trace
of overlying silt or sediment. The cold, still ocean depths protect them from decomposition and dispersal. They are the mother lodes of many sunken
treasure quests. The ships, blown off-course by raging storms and swirling seas, drifted far from the ancient trading routes before disappearing into
the depths without leaving a soul to tell the tale.
Many treasure wrecks have lain beneath the waves for centuries waiting to be salvaged, their precious cargoes worth thousands of times more today than
when they were lost.
Some treasures lie buried beneath the earth in caves, tunnels and secret chambers under shrines, tombs, holy mountains and other sacred places.
Tribes, peoples and entire civilisations, who have long since vanished from the face of the earth, concealed them in places whose locations are now
blurred by the mists of time.
Amongst the most famous of such lost treasures are those of King Solomon, the Second Temple of Jerusalem, the Cathars, the Knights Templar and the
Incas of South America. All are religious treasures comprising vast quantities of gold and silver. Curiously, those who accumulated the treasures
shared common religious beliefs and practices and many of them perished through religious persecution.
The most striking link between them is Christianity. The Judaeo-Christian Scriptures contain many cryptic references to "treasure". It was Christian
Conquistadors who destroyed the Inca civilisation in their quest for the City of Gold, the fabled Eldorado. Many of the Conquistadors were remnants of
the Knights Templar, whose full title was The Order of Poor Fellow Soldiers of Christ and the Temple of Solomon (Pauperes commilitones Christi
Templique Salomonis). The Order was destroyed by the religious persecution of Phillip IV and Pope Clement V in 1307 AD. Adherents to the "gnostic"
heresy of the Cathars had met with a similar fate in the previous century.
In the aftermath of the First Crusade of 1096 AD, a small group of noblemen led by Hugues de Payens presented themselves before Baldwin II, King of
Jerusalem, proposing to form a monastic order of knights, taking vows of poverty, chastity and obedience, in the service of the Holy Land. They were
granted quarters in the Al-Aqsa Mosque, which was built on the site of the second Temple of Solomon, destroyed by the Romans in 68 AD.
The early history of the Knights Templar is shrouded in mystery. It appears that the original founders undertook their mission after one of them had
been on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land and returned with an ancient scroll. Once they had established themselves at Jerusalem's Temple Mount, which is
also known as Mount Zion, they began secret excavations. Not long after that, they became enormously rich and powerful.
The fabulous wealth of this secretive Order was almost certainly acquired after the discovery of a treasure scroll hidden beneath the floor of the
Temple ruins. Subsequent excavations in and around Jerusalem unearthed as much as 1381 tons of gold and silver. The Knights quickly became the most
powerful military organisation in the medieval world. The original treasure was increased many times over during the course of their 200-year tenure
by international trade, intrigue, banking, spoils of war and ransom payments for the many kings and princes they had captured during their military
Recent research indicates that the Knights Templar had discovered the Americas about 150 years before the voyage of Columbus. Secret trading with the
New World, mainly for gold and silver, could have accounted for much of their great wealth.
The Knights' monastic Order was answerable only to the Pope. In all other respects it was completely independent and autonomous. The Catholic Church
eventually disbanded the Order and excommunicated its members as heretics.
A few outposts of the Order in Spain and Portugal survived the Pope's persecution. Christopher Columbus may have been a member of the Portuguese
Order of Christ. Persistent rumours that he had a map of the New World before setting off on his first voyage across the Atlantic now seem plausible.
The Knights Templar had a large fleet based at La Rochelle on the Atlantic coast of France. Just before the mass arrest of the Order's members on
Friday 13th, October 1307, a group of 24 Knights set sail in 18 galleys. They were not seen or heard from again. The rest of the Order was captured
and subjected to horrific tortures. Many were burnt at the stake. But, despite this, none of their fabulous treasure was ever recovered.
The Order's battle flag, the skull and crossbones motif, popularly known as the Jolly Roger, soon became the symbol of pirates and privateers
throughout the world, around whom stories of buried treasure abound. The whereabouts of the Knights and their treasure has vexed the imagination of
many generations since that fateful Friday the thirteenth.
We can only speculate about the first Templar scroll, however, there are other cases of scrolls being unearthed in the Holy Land. Eusebius, the Church
historian, reports that a version of Psalms, "was found at Jericho in a jar," by Origen, the early Church Father, sometime between 211 and 217 AD2.
We also know from writers such as Al Qirqisn, Al Brn and Shahrastn that similar finds were made in the ninth and tenth centuries AD. Those scrolls
were said to have belonged to a religious group called the Maghrya, or Cave Sect, named from the location of their writings. The finds led to the
establishment of a Jewish Karaite community in Egypt, which was condemned as heretical by Orthodox Judaism. Their doctrine bore remarkable
similarities to writings recently found near the Dead Sea.
In 1947, a Taamireh Bedouin goatherd discovered a cache of scrolls in a cave on the north-western shore of the Dead Sea. The finds eventually came to
the attention of scholars and many more scrolls were found in nearby caves. Some of the scrolls had been stored in jars and were almost complete, but
most had survived only as tiny fragments of brittle parchment that had to be pieced together with painstaking care.
Scholars soon realised that the Scrolls had been hidden a few years after the Crucifixion and bore remarkable similarities to the New Testament
Gospels. They were a missing link between Judaism and Christianity and the oldest Scriptures ever found, much older than papyrus fragments discovered
in Egypt, at Nag Hamadi in 1945 and Oxyrhynchus in 1897 and 1903.
In March 1952, amongst new finds in the area was a document indented on sheets of copper that had been riveted together and rolled up like a scroll.
The pure metal had almost completely oxidised and split into two pieces along a join. It proved impossible to open the two halves of what became known
as the Copper Scroll. Eventually, between the summer of 1955 and the spring of 1956, it was cut into strips at Manchester College of Technology under
the supervision of a leading member of the International Scroll Team, John Allegro, who published the first translation3.
The Copper Scroll is an inventory of buried treasure from the Temple of Jerusalem. The last item, number 61, reads, "In the Pit (Shth) adjoining on
the north, in a hole opening northwards, and buried at its mouth: a copy of this document, with an explanation and their measurements, and an
inventory of each thing, and oth[er things]"4. The "pit" was situated beneath the great Altar of the Temple, described in detail within the Mishnah
and by Josephus.
The fortuitous discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls has enabled researchers to begin piecing together the possible fate of the Templar treasures. It soon
became apparent that the key to the mystery lay in understanding the significance of the references to treasure in the Holy Scriptures and the Knights
Templar's apocalyptic interpretation of Christianity.
This research has thrown new light on the origins of Christianity itself, an extremely controversial subject. The guardians of the Orthodox Christian
and Jewish faiths have succeeded in keeping many of the Dead Sea Scrolls out of the public domain for nearly fifty years. It was only in the early
nineties that controversial material from the Dead Sea caves was published outside the narrow confines of theological scholarship. Even so, some of
the Dead Sea Scrolls will not be published until the second or third year of the next century, and some have mysteriously vanished.
There seems little doubt now that the Knights Templar had modelled their Order on a Jewish monastic sect called the Essenes, previously known through
the writings of ancient authors such as Josephus, Philo and Pliny the Elder. Modern scholars have identified their monastic settlement as that of
Khirbet ("ruins of") Qumran. The ruins stand on a cliff-edged plateau overlooking the Dead Sea some 20 miles east of Jerusalem at Wadi Qumran,
directly to the south of Jericho.
The Dead Sea lies 1,300 feet below sea level. The river Jordan flows into the bitter salt lake at the bottom of a rift valley, the deepest on earth,
plunging steeply through a rocky desert known as the wilderness of Judaea. The basin is bounded by a series of descending cliffs and plateaux scored
by narrow gorges and gullies.
The Dead Sea Scrolls were found in caves close to the ruins of Qumran, some barely a stone's throw from the site.
The Jewish warrior-priests or monks who feature in the Scrolls called themselves the Sons of Zadok, after Zadok, the high priest who had anointed King
Solomon, and from whom they claimed descent. They also referred to themselves as the Sons of Justice5. The monastery or fortress at Qumran was built
on an eighth or seventh century BC ruin, now identified as Secacah, the Biblical City of Salt.
In addition to several caches of sacred treasures and scrolls within the confines of Mount Zion, the Copper Scroll identified five other sites where
treasures were buried. One of those was Secacah, on the Vale of Achor, the site of Khirbet Qumran.
A recent excavation beneath the plaster floor of the ruins at Qumran has revealed a hoard of gold coins: 558 Tyrian tetradrachmae, weighing about 20
lbs6. The hoard was not listed in the Copper Scroll's inventory.
In the last few years, the pieces of this epic jigsaw puzzle have begun to fall into place. The puzzle ranges across a huge swathe of geography and
encompasses a 3,500-year period of human history. Almost every major religion and many minor ones are represented, including Jewish and Christian
mystical and Gnostic sects that have been declared heretical. We also find traces of what were once thought of as myths and legends, such as the
Templars' mysterious quests for the Holy Grail (Graal) and the Ark of the Covenant. The Ark disappeared from the Temple of Solomon during King
Manasseh's reign (687-642 BC).
The strange coincidences and synchronicities surrounding the Biblical treasures do not appear to have been noticed by the early theological scholars
of the Dead Sea Scrolls. They were more concerned with minimising the impact of the Scrolls on Orthodox Christian and Jewish doctrine and gave little
thought to solving one of history's most enduring mysteries. Their concerns lay in reburying the Scrolls under literally thousands of tangential
theories and re-interpretations that have created a quagmire of confusion for those searching for the truth.