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reply to post by Danbones
I am a firm believer in the relevance of Mazlow's hierarchy/pyramid when applied to the general human condition. Once you see disease begin to decline, and food shortages ease up, you see a European with a more robust outlook on life.
We are all only 1 catastrophe from having the upper levels of the pyramid removed. Weather tends to be the primary culprit.
Maslow's theory was fully expressed in his 1954 book Motivation and Personality. While the hierarchy remains a very popular framework in sociology research, management training and secondary and higher psychology instruction, it has largely been supplanted by attachment theory in graduate and clinical psychology and psychiatry.[7
But the bones that have been excavated from the graves of people buried in England in the years around 1000 tell a tale of strong and healthy folk — the Anglo-Saxons who had occupied the greater part of the British Isles since the departure of the Romans. Nine out of ten of them lived in a green and unpolluted countryside on a simple, wholesome diet that grew sturdy limbs and very healthy teeth. It was during the centuries that followed the first millennium that overpopulation and overcrowding started to aVect the stature and well-being of western Europeans. Excavations of later medieval sites reveal bodies that are already smaller than those discovered from the years around 1000, and archaeologists who have studied these centuries say that they can almost see the devastation of the Black Death looming in the evidence of the increasingly frail and unhealthy skeletal remains.4
Chapters xvii. to xxxvi. give a graphic description
of the miraculous journeys of Enoch in. the
company of an angel, from whom he learns the
secrets of creation and the mysteries of Infinity.
From the top of a lofty mountain " which reached
to heaven," he beheld the receptacles of light^
thunder, and lightning, "the great darkness or
mountains of gloom which constitute winter, the
mouths of rivers and of the deep,
the stone which
supports the corners of the earth, and the four winds
which bear up the earth, and constitute the pillars
of heaven." ^ Is not this obviously the inspired cosmology,
through which the author of the Book of
Enoch unconsciously condemned mediaeval physicists
to the stake for impiously proclaiming the mobility
of the earth ? If an inspired prophet saw the stone
which supports the corners of the earth, how inexpiable
the guilt of men, who fostered scepticism
through the heliocentric theory of a world coursing
swiftly round the sun !
It doesn't negate, for me, The Cross of Calvary as a supreme symbol of Love and sacrifice.
ANYTHING which takes away from, diminishes, questions, the Deity of and supreme uniqueness of Christ . . . and the eternal fulcrum of The Cross and The Resurrection is destructively inaccurate, from my perspective.
Annex 22 – Evidence of Chinese Fleets visiting British Colombia, Washington State and Oregon
Spaniards in the Gulf of California reported seeing large Chinese junks at anchor in 1544. In a controversial book entitled 1421: The Year China Discovered America, a retired British submarine commander named Gavin Menzies has claimed a Chinese mariner named Zheng He visited the West Coast of America about one lifetime prior to Columbus. Zheng He (1371-1435 A.D.) was a eunuch whose ships ventured to Arabia and East Africa. Such expeditions were made with flotillas of more than 300 ships under the direction of Emperor Zhu Di during the Ming dynasty.
In 1512 Pope Julius II tried to explain why the Christian Bible failed to mention the American Indians and their continent. He declared that although the Indians were descendants of Adam and Eve, and therefore human, their ancestors were Babylonians who had been expelled from the Old World on account of their sins. God had apparently lost sight of them, and somehow they had managed to survive the flood.
The theory of the peopling of the Americas that became scientific orthodoxy in the mid-20th century is no less fabulous: the Americas were empty of humans until about 14,000 years ago when migrants from Northeast Asia trekked over the Bering land bridge, and with the exception of a brief visit by the Vikings in the 11th century, the first person to subsequently discover the Americas was Christopher Columbus in 1492.
More recently, the possibility of migrations up to several tens of thousands of years earlier than 14,000 BP has been accepted by many scientists. There is evidence, however, that North, Central, and South America were settled by migrants from different parts of the world over the course of millions of years, and that even in the past 5000 years explorers and traders from various continents visited the Americas before Columbus.
The 13th-century explorer and spy Marco Polo was involved in many epic voyages during the 35 years he spent in the service of Kublai Khan, the Mongol ruler who established the Yuan dynasty and eventually became the first emperor of all China. There are indications that Marco Polo may even have visited the west coast of North and South America. When he finally returned to the Venetian Republic, his maps were confiscated and he was prohibited from writing about most of his travels and from publishing information on the new technologies he had witnessed. In 1428 Prince Pedro of Portugal came to Venice to obtain a copy of Marco Polo’s book and any old maps he could lay his hands on. He is said to have left with numerous documents, which may have played a key role in later Portuguese efforts to reach the Spice Islands and China ahead of their rivals – the Spaniards and Genoese.4
Confirming the Siberian Migration
The first research on living Native American tribes showed they were comprised of four distinct mtDNA haplogroups called A, B, C, and D. This means that the Native Americans are derived from four different lineages.
These haplogroups were also found in native populations in Central and South America. Utter mtDNA research utilizing ancient remains recovered in the Americas validated these four haplogroups. Three of these haplogroups, A, C, and D are found primarily in Siberian Asia.
The B haplogroup, however, is found only in aboriginal groups in Southeast Asia. China, Japan, Melanesia, and Polynesia.
Confirming a South Pacific and Japanese Migration
Based on the mutations found in the mtDNA, most researchers think that groups A, C and D, entered America from Siberia across Beringia some time around 35.000 B.C. Group B, they assert, probably came to America from the South Pacific or Japan via boats. It is believed the B groups began this migration not long after the A, C, and D groups arrived. However, the majority of the B group arrived about 11.000 B.C. This leaves open the possibility of several migrations by the B group from different locations.
It should be noted that a few geneticists have proposed that each of these tour haplogroups came in four separate migrations. And many Clovis supporters argue that all the groups migrated together.
[It would seem that there were indeed Irish settlements all up and down the East Coast in late Viking times, just prior to the voyages made by Columbus, and that the Greenland Vikings made reference to them: some of these even had famous monasteries with libraries and books that they made themselves and chronicled life in the New World as far away as Mexico--going by the reports, that is. It is interesting that the chief of this Duhare colony was a last surviving Giant of the former Fomorians and he would be by common Roman usage, a Pict of very large stature. There is some suspicion otherwise that connects the the Adenas to the Picts, including stamps that were evidently meant to print patterns on the skin, made by the Adenas, and a similarity of Geometric and animal symbols between the two. This was another matter I had been holding back on-DD]