reply to post by Utnapisjtim
This reply will focus on the alleged alternate set of the 10 Commandments. My next reply will be on the Ark(s).
First, in order to preserve the context of scripture, I recommend reading ALL of Exodus ch 20&34 and Deut ch 5. The claim of the different 10
Commandments is centered on Exodus 34.
Exo 34:1 " Now the LORD said to Moses, “Cut out for yourself two stone tablets like the former ones, and I will write on the tablets the words that
were on the former tablets which you shattered"
This is Moses 2nd mountain conference with God during the Exodus. First item on the agenda; replace the 10 Commandments which Moses shattered. Notice
how God say "the words that where on the former tablets".
Next item on the agenda: You and the Jews are preparing to take the Land, follow these instructions when you enter: do not make a covenant with the
inhabitants of the Land, do not worship their gods or take up their traditions, follow these rules (detailed in Exo 34) to properly observe the
Passover and Feast of Weeks, and dont boil lambs it their mothers' milk.
The replacement of the 10 Commandments happens in verses 1-6. Then the renewing of the Covenant of Israel was proposed in verses 6-10. Then the
details for instituting the Covenant and its Feasts are in verses 11-27.
So basically Moses went to God to pettition the renewal of the Hebrew Covenant that the Hebrews almost threw away. This involved replacing the 10
Commandments and give instructions of entering the Land and observing the Feasts. The Covenant of Israel encompasses the Holy Days and all Codicies of
the Law including the 10 Commandments. So God provided the generalized 10 Commandment copy, and specific Land entry commandments. Both where part of
the Law, but not the same codex.
Notice the subtle hint:
" 27 Then the LORD said to Moses, “Write down these words, for in accordance with these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.”
28 So he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did not eat bread or drink water. AND he wrote on the tablets the words of the
covenant, the Ten Commandments.
Look at the word "and" in the middle of verse 28. He fasted for 40 days while taking God's instructions AND he transcribed the 10 Commandments.
In summary, God was re-issuing Moses the 10 Commandments and giving additional separate instructions.