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The manufacturer has to be careful that the basic UAV configuration matches exactly to that of the one in use by the Defense Department (they can't add or remove sensors or payload, and the UAV [if it's a type armed by the Defense Department, neither of these were in this case] has to fly unarmed, but with the hardpoint attachments intact.
Hardpoints are where external stores are attached. In the case of the military, weapons.
No. No military aircraft can be sold in the US to a civilian or civilian company that has not had any wrappings systems either removed or permanently deactivated.
On July 16th, the Sierra, a unique unmanned aerial system (UAS) operated by the NASA Ames Research Center in northern California (learn more), began flights over the Arctic sea ice as part of the MIZOPEX (Marginal Ice Zone Observations and Processes Experiment) mission. MIZOPEX is an intensive observing campaign that will characterize the ocean surface, sea ice, and atmosphere at the critical marginal ice zone (MIZ), the southern edges of the Arctic sea ice, as the seasonal land-fast ice melts away from the shores of the North Slope of Alaska and the MIZ moves northward. The Sierra UAS carries a sophisticated scientific payload that includes radiometers; imaging systems; laser/lidars; radars including synthetic aperture radars; and other ice-, ocean-, and atmospheric-sensing instruments.
MIZOPEX mission flights are conducted from the Oliktok Point Long Range Radar Station at Oliktok Point, Alaska, about 30 miles west of Prudhoe Bay, Alaska. Flights begin in Restricted Area R-2204, a restricted flight area of 4 miles in diameter centered at Oliktok Point and assigned to the Office of Science in the U.S. Department of Energy for atmospheric research purposes. MIZOPEX mission flight paths extend northward through an altitude reservation corridor to international airspace. The MIZOPEX campaign will establish several important new “firsts” including the first flights of scientific payloads using a UAS from northern Alaska into international airspace and over international waters.
Through mid-August, MIZOPEX missions will include flights of the ScanEagle and DataHawk instrumented UASs. The ScanEagle will be operated by a team from the University of Alaska at Fairbanks. DataHawks will be operated by a team from the University of Colorado at Boulder that includes the MIZOPEX Principal Investigator, Professor Jim Maslanik.