Originally posted by Wrabbit2000
It has been viewed, rated and ranked as second level junk meat for as long as I've been around to hear about grades of meat for human consumption. As such, it's CHEAP meat. hence.. junk meat.
Originally posted by Bluesma
It is actually more expensive and considered much finer in Europe, than beef. Not only nutritionally, but taste and texture wise too.
Specific breeds of horses are raised specifically for the purpose of eating.
global auction price for beef has topped $5,300 (£3,500) a tonne.
Horsemeat, by contrast, currently costs about $1,200 a tonne.
"The meat company explains that it “bought horses from farmers when animals reached the end of their working life or families could not afford to care for them” and “That had happened more frequently during the economic downturn.”
Some experts and UK government officials have raised concerns that horse meat from Romania could be contaminated with equine infectious anemia (EIA).
Although EIA does not pose a risk to humans, it could be an indicator of additional health problems in horses that may stem from poor living conditions.
Since 2007, the European Union has restricted export of live horses from Romania to any other EU member state unless the animals have a Coggins test for EIA prior to export.
Environment secretary Owen Paterson stated that "Romanian horse meat is not allowed in", though he acknowledged concern if Romanian horse meat had been imported from animals with EIA.
Concerns arose over the possibility of horse meat containing traces of the veterinary drug phenylbutazone entering the human food chain, although horses which have been treated with it may not legally be supplied for human consumption.
The drug, commonly known as bute, is used as an analgesic in horses.
Phenylbutazone is used therapeutically in humans as a treatment for ankylosing spondylitis when other treatments are not suitable. The effect on humans of low-level exposure over an extended period has not been extensively formally studied. High incidences of focal necrosis were found in female rats fed low doses of 1,2-diphenylhydrazine over time. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) residues risk causing rare, but potentially fatal side-effects in humans.
A subsequent review of 206 horse carcasses slaughtered in the UK between 30 January and 7 February 2013 found eight were contaminated with phenylbutazone, six of which had been shipped to France.
There is also speculation that some horse meat from the United States, where phenylbutazone is commonly used, may have entered the food chain via Mexico and then been exported to Europe.
One reason for this is that Spanghero had purchased meat from a company, Draap, whose owner, Jan Fasen was previously convicted for fraud; as long ago as 2007, Draap had labelled horse meat imported from Mexico and South America as Dutch or German beef.
The primary concern is horse meat from the United States: up to 15% of horses sent to slaughter in Canada or Mexico are former racehorses that have been given drugs during their racing career, such as phenylbutazone, which are approved for use in horses but not humans and carry the warning "Do not use in horses intended for human consumption." Further, they are given medication at levels that led a research veterinarian to call them "walking pharmacies". These animals may have meat too toxic to eat safely.
Inquiry into horse meat sources in the UK also revealed that Aintree racecourse has a contract with a licensed slaughterhouse in West Yorkshire to remove dead Grand National race horses. It is illegal for horses euthanized by injection to be put into the human food chain. Many chemical agents used for animal euthanasia leave residues in the meat which may be harmful to humans, and have caused sickness and death in animal predators and scavengers. "
Originally posted by Bluesma
The meat was not tested for everything. For example growth hormone treatments, antibiotics......
What it had been tested for was bacteria and infection that could occur during or after the slaughtering process.
Only in the case of Findus were tests done for Bute.