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An alternative map from the same source (ECT) reveals that the 'hotspots' actually indicate amingst other things, places where conferences on the subject have been held, or organisations based in those countries have expressed interest in the subject, both in favour and against (for example, The Royal Society, based in London, calling for more research on the subject). It also shows, for example, places where tests into sequation of CO2 underground are being undertaken. Somewhat misleading then!!!
Intent: Geoengineering is always deliberate (even if it may have unintended impacts). It is the engineering of Earth’s ecosystems on purpose rather than accidentally.