NOVUM TESTAMENTUM LATET IN VETERE
The New Testament in the Old lies concealed
The Old in the New is revealed
the quote comes from St. Augustine. for more, go to ibiblio
And so the first chapter of Bowman's book on Mark is titled.
He gets into some rabbinical type terminology right away, so I want to take a look at them as I come across them, along with whatever other technical
terms I find that I think should be illuminated a bit.
• Maggid - a traditional Eastern European Jewish religious itinerant preacher, skilled as a narrator of Torah and religious stories.
• Darshan - A preacher of the more scholarly sort was called a "darshan", and usually occupied the official position of rabbi. (same link as
• Aramaic - basically, Syrian
• Hebrew - language most of the Old testament is found written in, other than the older Greek version, though a lot of the Greek may have been
originally in Hebrew.
• Synagogue - place of assembly at a local level for the prescribed reading of the Torah.
• Meturgemans - a middle man between the speaker and the audience who could give explanations or translations or even ask questions of the speaker
on behalf of the audience.
• Targums - translations of the text into Aramaic.
• Oral Law of the Elders - "The Oral Torah commands obedience to the Pharisee Rabbis and gives them the prerogative to create new commandments
called takanot ("enactments")." quote from www.hebrewyeshua.com...
• Rabbi Judah ha-Nasi - probably the same person as Yehudah HaNasi, may have been the author of the Haggadah of Pesach
• Talmud - "a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history."
• Mishnah - "the first major written redaction of the Jewish oral traditions called the "Oral Torah"." en.wikipedia.org...
• halakhic - of a legal nature.
• Haggadic Midrashim - non-legal expositions.
• Midrash Rabba - the collection of the Haggadic Midrashim writings.
• Pesikta Rabbati - parts separated from the Midrash Rabba and distinguished for use on specific occasions.
• Jewish Apocalyptic literature - including parts of Isaiah, Ezekiel and Daniel and others in the OT canon. Also includes some non-canonical
writings though some can be disputed as being Christian in origin.
• Qumran caves - where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found.
• eschatological - having to do with "end times".
• Early Prophets - Samuel would be a definite example.
• Jewish canon - now days called the Tanach as an acronym for, law, prophets, writings, what Christians call the Old Testament.
• fixed Revelation - the idea that the canon stands for all time as the authoritative scripture.
• Higher Criticism - looking at things in the most basic point of view, such as asking, "What is this and where did it come from."
• Rabbinic Jewish - being "Jewish" and specifically in relationship to rabbinical traditions.
• Dead Sea Sectarian - whatever the people at Qumran had that set them apart from the mainstream Judaism of their time.
edit on 17-2-2012 by jmdewey60 because: (no reason given)