Discovered nearly thirty years ago the ship was from the late Bronze age. She is best remembered for the wide variety of trade goods she carried.
Items from 11 different cultures
Discussion of what the ship's cargo told us about 14th BCE trade routes
From this image below you can see how the cargo was stored
This cargo consisted of:
Copper and tin ingots Raw copper cargo totaling ten tons, consisting of a total of 354 ingots of the oxhide
At least 149 Canaanite jars (widely found in Greece, Cyprus, Syria-Palestine, and Egypt).
Jars are categorized as the northern type and were most likely made somewhere in the northern part of modern-day Israel.
One jar filled with glass beads, many filled with olives, but the majority contained a substance known as Pistacia (terebinth) resin.
Approximately 175 glass ingots of cobalt blue turquoise and lavender were found (earliest intact glass ingots known). Chemical composition of cobalt
blue glass ingots matches those of contemporary Egyptian core-formed vessels and Mycenaean pendant beads, which suggests a common source.
Also included were
Logs of blackwood from Africa (referred to as ebony by the Egyptians)
Ivory in the form of whole and partial elephant tusks
More than a dozen hippopotamus teeth
Tortoise carapaces (upper shells)
Murex opercula (possible ingredient for incense)
Cypriot oil lamps
Bronze and copper vessels (four faience drinking cups shaped as rams’ heads and one shaped as a woman’s head)
Two duck-shaped ivory cosmetics boxes
Ivory cosmetics or unguent spoon
More than two dozen sea-shell rings
Beads of amber (Baltic origin)
It also carried
Collection of usable and scrap gold and silver Canaanite jewelry
Biconical chalice (largest gold object from wreck)
Egyptian objects of gold, electrum, silver, and steatite (soap stone)
Gold scarab inscribed with the name of Nefertiti
Bronze female figurine (head, neck, hands, and feet covered in sheet gold)
A book with wax pages
An image showing where some of the cargo came from
The ship was dated by
Peter Kuniholm of Cornell University was assigned the task of dendrochronological dating in order to obtain an absolute date for the ship. The results
date the wood at 1305 BCE, but given that no bark has survived it is impossible to determine an exact date and it can be assumed that the ship sank
sometime after that date. Based on ceramic evidence, it appears that the Uluburun sank toward the end of the Amarna period, but could not have sunk
before the time of Nefertiti due to the unique gold scarab engraved with her name found aboard the ship.For now, it is concluded that the ship sank at
the end of the 14th century BCE.
Link to Link to more images of the cargo