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Gold synthesis from mercury
Gold obtained by mining has copper and silver impurities. Gold of higher purity can be made through the photoneutron process:
Mercury 198 + 6.8MeV gamma ray to 1 neutron + Mercury 197 (half-life 2.7 days to Gold 197 + 1 positron)
These energy levels allow a more efficient neutron source than the Spallation Neutron Source.
Gold synthesis in an accelerator
Gold synthesis in a particle accelerator is possible in many ways. The Spallation Neutron Source has a liquid mercury target that will be transmuted into gold, platinum, and iridium, which are lower in atomic number.
Gold synthesis in a nuclear reactor
Gold was first synthesized from mercury by neutron bombardment in 1941, but the isotopes of gold produced were all radioactive.
Gold can currently be manufactured in a nuclear reactor by irradiation either of platinum or mercury. Since platinum is more expensive than gold, platinum is economically unsuitable as a raw material.
Only the mercury isotope 196Hg, which occurs with a frequency of 0.15% in natural mercury, can be converted to gold by neutron capture, and following electron capture-decay into 197Au with slow neutrons. Other mercury isotopes are converted when irradiated with slow neutrons into one another or formed mercury isotopes, which beta decay into thallium.
Using fast neutrons, the mercury isotope 198Hg, which composes 9.97% of natural mercury, can be converted by splitting off a neutron and becoming 197Hg, which then disintegrates to stable gold. This reaction, however, possesses a smaller activation cross-section and is feasible only with un-moderated reactors.
It is also possible to eject several neutrons with very high energy into the other mercury isotopes in order to form 197Hg. However such high-energy neutrons can be produced only by particle accelerators
Originally posted by dizTheWiz
Interesting. I did not know of the other methods of making gold. thanks for the input and thanks for the heads up on linking files. (im still new to creating threads)
Now, I wonder if the method in the link I provided has a better energy efficiency then the others, and if understanding the mechanics can lead to better transmutation processes at lower energies.
Read some where about silver shot, yeast, and water in a bucket left out in the sun for a few weeks can create gold if the mental intention allows it... but the data was from a known con man named Dr. Joe Champion, even though a con man I still wonder if anything in his method has any validity, especially the mental intention part.