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Elyon (Biblical Hebrew עליון'; Masoretic ʿElyōn; traditionally rendered in Samaritan as illiyyon) is an epithet of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible. ʾĒl ʿElyōn is usually rendered as English "God Most High". The Septuagint translation is ὕψιστος "highest". It derives from the Hebrew root ʿly "go up, ascend".
The term also has mundane uses, referring simply to the position of objects, e.g. applied to a basket in Genesis 40.17, or to a chamber in Ezekiel 42.5. The critical scholar and Reform rabbi Abraham Geiger asserted that Elyōn was a word of late origin, dating it to the time of the Maccabees. However, its use in the Ugarit (modern Ras Shamra, Syria) tablets has proven it to be pre-Mosaic (Hertz 1936)