1914 - What led up to WW1
We mostly deal with the modern TPTB here, but what about this history, who was behind these assassinations. A prominent french leader was also
killed, this is less well known, but it set the French off. Jean Léon Jaurès an anti-militarist, was assassinated at the outbreak of World War I.
Although wars have been fought for centuries, the war that saw its beginning on 28th June 1914 with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of
Austria and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, was different.
It involved all the worlds great powers, assembled in two opposing alliances.
More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, Americans and Commonwealth forces were mobilized.
More than 15 million people were killed, making it the deadliest conflict in human history to that time.
For the first time, in the fullest sense, "Nation was rising against Nation".
By the war's end, four major imperial powers—the German, Russian, Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman Empires—had been militarily and politically
defeated, with the last two ceasing to exist!
The revolutionized Soviet Union emerged from the Russian Empire, while the map of central Europe was completely redrawn.
"The League of Nations" emerged in the vain hope of preventing another conflict.
However the nationalism and hatred spawned by the war, the repercussions of Germany's defeat, and of the Treaty of Versailles eventually lead to
"Nation rising against Nation" once again.
Of note also is that the federal reserve began to function in 1914, after it passed during the Christmas holidays.
Comments on the changes that took place to the world with the breaking out of World War 1 in 1914.
“The last completely ‘normal’ year in history was 1913, the year before World War I began.”—Editorial in the Times-Herald,
“Increasingly, the 75-year period from 1914 to 1989, covering two world wars and the cold war, is being seen by historians as a single, discrete
epoch, a time apart in which much of the world was fighting war, recovering from war or preparing for war.”—The New York Times
“The whole world really blew up about World War I and we still don’t know why. Before then, men thought that utopia was in sight. There was
peace and prosperity. Then everything blew up. We’ve been in a state of suspended animation ever since . . . More people have been killed in this
century than in all of history.”—Dr. Walker Percy, American Medical News,
More than 50 years after 1914, German statesman Konrad Adenauer wrote: “Security and quiet have disappeared from the lives of men since
1914.”—The West Parker, Cleveland, Ohio
“By all contemporaneous accounts, the world prior to 1914 seemed to be moving irreversibly toward higher levels of civility and civilization;
human society seemed perfectible. The nineteenth century had brought an end to the wretched slave trade. Dehumanizing violence seemed on the decline.
. . . The pace of global invention had advanced throughout the nineteenth century, bringing railroads, the telephone, the electric light, cinema,
the motor car, and household conveniences too numerous to mention. Medical science, improved nutrition, and the mass distribution of potable water had
elevated life expectancy . . . The sense of the irreversibility of such progress was universal.” But . . . “World War I was more
devastating to civility and civilization than the physically far more destructive World War II: the earlier conflict destroyed an idea. I cannot
erase the thought of those pre-World War I years, when the future of mankind appeared unencumbered and without limit.
-The Age of Turbulence: Adventures in a New World, Alan Greenspan
“Historic events are often said to have ‘changed everything.’ In the case of the Great War [1914-1918] this is, for once, true. The war
really did change everything: not just borders, not just governments and the fate of nations, but the way people have seen the world and themselves
ever since. It became a kind of hole in time, leaving the postwar world permanently disconnected from everything that had come before.”-A World
Undone, by G. J. Meyer
“The 1914-18 war that destroyed the 19th century is not over.” What did he mean? He explained: “History doesn’t pay any attention to
calendars. The 19th century—defined as a set of beliefs, assumptions, attitudes and morals—did not end on Jan. 1, 1901. It ended in 1914. That’s
also when the 20th century, defined the same way, began. . . . “Virtually all of the conflicts that we have been concerned with all of our lives
stemmed from that war. Nearly all of the intellectual and cultural currents that we have lived with were born out of that war. . . . “I think it
did such damage because it shattered people’s belief that humans can control their destiny. . . . The war disabused people of that belief. No one
on either side thought it would turn out the way it did. It destroyed the British and French empires. It killed off the best of a whole generation of
British, French and German men. . . . In a short period of time, it killed 11 million people.”
- The Orlando Sentinel
“Before 1914 the monetary and the financial systems were compatible. . . . If one takes August 1914 as marking the dividing line between them,
the contrasts between the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries are striking. In many aspects of human affairs there has been a complete reversal of
trend. . . . One major reason was the severance of the linkage between the financial system and money with intrinsic value that began in 1914.
. . . The breaking of the linkage was a momentous event. . . . 1914 marked a radical, and in the end catastrophic, transformation of that
system.” - Ashby Bladen, a senior vice president of The Guardian Life Insurance Company of America
“It is indeed the year 1914 rather than that of Hiroshima which marks the turning point in our time.”—René Albrecht-Carrié, The Scientific
“Ever since 1914, everybody conscious of trends in the world has been deeply troubled by what has seemed like a fated and predetermined march
toward ever greater disaster. Many serious people have come to feel that nothing can be done to avert the plunge towards ruin.”—Bertrand Russell,
The New York Times Magazine
“Everything would get better and better. This was the world I was born in. . . . Suddenly, unexpectedly, one morning in 1914 the whole thing
came to an end.”—British statesman Harold Macmillan, The New York Times,
“In 1914 the world lost a coherence which it has not managed to recapture since. . . . This has been a time of extraordinary disorder and
violence, both across national frontiers and within them.”—The Economist,
[edit on 27-7-2010 by Blue_Jay33]