reply to post by ~Lucidity
seems to be referred to it more of as an international city or region as opposed to a state perse .... just saying seems that it was just a area taken
from the ottoman Turks after ww1 and seemed to encompass more then just the area that the IDF occupies wouldn't a Palestinian state require lebbenon
etc to also just give them some land>? have the other neighboring countrys willing to do this or do they still share the Israelis view that there not
giveing up any land at all? just asking wanna get some knowlege here today
In common usage up to World War I, "Palestine" was used either to describe the Consular jurisdictions of the Western Powers or for a region
that extended in the north-south direction typically from Rafah (south-east of Gaza) to the Litani River (now in Lebanon). The western boundary was
the sea, and the eastern boundary was the poorly-defined place where the Syrian desert began. In various European sources, the eastern boundary was
placed anywhere from the Jordan River to slightly east of Amman. The Negev Desert was not included.
For 400 years foreigners enjoyed extraterritorial rights under the terms of the Capitulations of the Ottoman Empire. One American diplomat wrote that
"Extraordinary privileges and immunities had become so embodied in successive treaties between the great Christian Powers and the Sublime Porte that
for most intents and purposes many nationalities in the Ottoman empire formed a state within the state".
The Consuls were originally magistrates who tried cases involving their own citizens in foreign territories. While the jurisdictions in the secular
states of Europe had become territorial, the Ottomans perpetuated the legal system they inherited from the Byzantine Empire. The law in many matters
was personal, not territorial, and the individual citizen carried his nation's law with him wherever he went. Capitulatory law applied to
foreigners in Palestine. Only Consular Courts of the State of the foreigners concerned were competent to try them. That was true, not only in cases
involving personal status, but also in criminal and commercial matters.
According to American Ambassador Morgenthau, Turkey had never been an independent sovereignty. The Western Powers had their own courts, marshals,
colonies, schools, postal systems, religious institutions, and prisons. The Consuls also extended protections to large communities of Jewish
protégés who had settled in Palestine.
The Moslem, Christian, and Jewish communities of Palestine were allowed to exercise jurisdiction over their own members according to charters granted
to them. For centuries the Jews and Christians had enjoyed a large degree of communal autonomy in matters of worship, jurisdiction over personal
status, taxes, and in managing their schools and charitable institutions. In the 19th century those rights were formally recognized as part of the
Tanzimat reforms and when the communities were placed under the protection of European public law.
Under the Sykes–Picot Agreement of 1916, it was envisioned that most of Palestine, when freed from Ottoman control, would become an international
zone not under direct French or British colonial control. Shortly thereafter, British foreign minister Arthur Balfour issued the Balfour Declaration
of 1917, which promised to establish a Jewish national home in Palestine.
The British-led Egyptian Expeditionary Force, commanded by Edmund Allenby, captured Jerusalem on 9 December 1917 and occupied the whole of the Levant
following the defeat of Turkish forces in Palestine at the Battle of Megiddo in September 1918 and the capitulation of Turkey on 31 October.