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On 16 July 1969, a United States law was passed called the "Extra-Terrestrial Exposure Law" that made it illegal for the public to come in contact with extra-terrestrials or their vehicles. (Title 14, Section 1211 of the Code of Federal Regulations). Anyone found guilty of such contact could face up to one year imprisonment as well as a fine of $5000. Also, any individual who had been "exposed" could be quarantined under armed guard by the NASA administrator without a hearing.
"NASA is removing 14 CFR part 1211 since it has served its purpose and is no longer in keeping with current policy"
[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 14, Volume 5, Parts 1200 to end]
[Revised as of January 1, 2001]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
TITLE 14--AERONAUTICS AND SPACE
PART 1217--DUTY-FREE ENTRY OF SPACE ARTICLES--Table of Contents
Sec. 1217.106 Articles brought into the United States by NASA from space.
Pursuant to U.S. note 1 subchapter VIII of chapter 98, HTSUS,
articles brought into the customs territory of the United States by NASA
from space shall not be considered an importation, and no certification
or entry of such materials through U.S. Customs shall be required. This
provision is applicable to articles brought to the U.S. from space
whether or not the articles were launched into space aboard a NASA
"On the mining-thing. I can only state that in the broadest of senses mining operations have taken place on the lunar surface and are presently being conducted on Mars (and continue on the Moon). Although the use of terminology, 'mining' has been downplayed (by NASA) and there exists an 'internal memo' ,....."
snipped details not relevant to the question
"Use of terminology, e.g., 'mining', could be considered (by some countries) to constitute a violation of the International Space Treaty. Thus, NASA is real-careful about use of terminology that could be considered a breach of 'Policy and Protocol'. I can give you this stuff as it's 'public information'. You have to look between the spaces/lines for more info and draw your own conclusions."
Originally posted by zorgon
Does anyone know where to find NASA policy in detail and can we find the reference to the word "mining" in any of it...
So NASA has carte blanche to pillage the solar system and beyond and never a cent of duty to be paid. I wonder if other Nations have that ability?
Establish one or more alternative energy sources
for Earth based on lunar resouces. Potential
energy sources include Helium-3 mining for use in
fusion reactors on Earth and supplying materials
and components for assembly and operation of
space solar power satellites in cis-lunar space and
beamed power from the lunar surface.
The Naval Research Laboratory is not affiliated in any way with any organization selling lunar property or acreage on the moon. NRL has no involvement, either officially or unofficially, in providing "after-sales service" for the purchase of lunar property from the Lunar Embassy, its franchisees, or any similar organizations. Disputes arising from the purchase of lunar property from such organizations must be resolved with the seller directly.
The exploration and use of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, shall be carried out for the benefit and in the interests of all countries, irrespective of their degree of economic or scientific development, and shall be the province of all mankind.
Outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, shall be free for exploration and use by all States without discrimination of any kind, on a basis of equality and in accordance with international law, and there shall be free access to all areas of celestial bodies.
However, a loophole in Space Law allows individuals and companies to hold Mineral Rights on the Moon, Mars and other celestial bodies. Growing concern from Scientists that these rights may be held hostage have been alleviated by a three man North American team; Dr. Joseph Resnick, Dr. Timothy R. O'Neill and Guy Cramer (ROC-Resnick/O'Neill/Cramer team) who have acquired the mineral rights for 95% of the side of the moon that faces Earth, the polar regions and 50% of the far side of the moon.
Dr. Resnick (former NASA scientist and current consultant to NASA) states "Space law does not allow countries to have land ownership on planets and moons in the solar system but it does allow for the Mineral Rights to be obtained by individuals and companies. The countries party to the Space Treat Act have agreed that none of them has either jurisdiction nor ownership of any extraterrestrial body, nor samples."
Dr. Resnick found the loophole in Space Law 25 years ago that allowed him ownership of all planetary bodies outside the "Third Planet from the Sun"... submitted this to the World Court at the Hague, and to the United Nations in New York City. In 25+ years no one has ever disputed Dr. Resnick's claimed ownership.
Originally posted by zorgon
Okay so exactly WHO IS authorized to sell property on the Moon
I especially like the part that says...
"...providing "after-sales service" for the purchase of lunar property "
So I guess the NAVY space program has been flooded with requests to 'protect' off world properties
Universal Mineral Leases Registry.Com was created by Dr. Joseph A. Resnick
Originally posted by Phage
I bet they have some real nice land in Florida to offer too. Maybe even the Brooklyn Bridge.
Originally posted by Revolution-2012
Missing some of his points Phage. Why is it(was) illegal to come into contact with EBE's or their craft? Hmmmm?
The law was passed originally to protect Earth from possible biological contamination resulting from the US Apollo Space Program and other space exploration programs. It has been suggested by researchers and scientists that the U.S. government was very concerned that contact with extra-terrestrial bacteria could result in a worldwide plague. The immune system of human beings wouldn't be able to fight off extra-terrestrial bacteria, so therefore any kind of "extra-terrestrial exposure" was taken very seriously.
Originally posted by Phage
And it says nothing about EBE's or their craft.
"Quarantine" means the detention, examination and decontamination of any persons, property, animal or other form of life or matter whatever that is extra-terrestrially exposed, and includes the apprehension or seizure of such person, property, animal or other form of life or matter whatever.