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Over a century ago, on August 26,1883, the island volcano of Krakatau ("Krakatoa") in Indonesia, a virtually unknown volcanic island with a history of violent volcanic activity, exploded with devastating fury. The eruption was one of the most catastrophic natural disasters in recorded history. The effects were experienced on a global scale. Fine ashes from the eruption were carried by upper level winds as far away as New York City. The explosion was heard more than 3000 miles away. Volcanic dust blew into the upper atmosphere affecting incoming solar radiation and the earth's weather for several years.
A series of large tsunami waves generated by the main explosion, some reaching a height of nearly 40 meters (more than 120 feet) above sea level, killed more than 36,000 people in the coastal towns and villages along the Sunda Strait on Java and Sumatra islands. Tsunami waves were recorded or observed throughout the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the American West Coast, South America, and even as far away as the English Channel.
Meanwhile, the number of eruptions of Mt. Anak Krakatau, an active volcano on the Sunda Strait, reached 175 as of Wednesday, enough to raise its alert status to level three.
Jumono, an official of the Mt. Anak Karakatau monitoring team in Cinangka district, Serang, West Java, said that it is currently too dangerous to visit the mountain.
Originally posted by Republican08
I hope Iran doesn't see all this as a signal to bring in the apocalypse. ugh.
(I thought Iwas the only one who used the word yikes!)
Volcanoes, geesh, all I can hear in my mind is "Lions, tigers and bears, oh my!"
except more or less, (Economic Depression, Climate change, disease pandemic, volcanoe catastrophe, war, OH MY!"
Originally posted by questioningall
Yikes, krakatoa is showing increased activity - 175 tremors since Weds. Authorities have raised the alert status to "level three". For those of you not familiar with Krakatoa - here is a little info.
Krakatau from all information I have found, is the largest volcanic eruption in man's history on Earth.
If krakatau erupted, our weather would be affected for years on a global basis.
The [Tambora 1815] explosion is estimated to have been at scale seven on the Volcanic Explosivity Index. It had roughly four times the energy of the 1883 Krakatoa eruption.
JAKARTA, 22 April 2008 - Indonesian authorities on Tuesday raised the alert status for the offspring of the Krakatoa volcano in the Strait of Sunda, and Mount Ibu in eastern province of North Maluku, after both showed increased activity.
Anak Krakatau, or the "Child of Krakatoa," in the Sunda Straits between Java and Sumatra, and Ibu on the Halmahera island of the North Maluku province, have began spewing ash and sending out volcanic tremors in recent days. Volcanology experts raised the alert status to level two.
No evacuation order was given, but volcanologists appealed the villagers living nearby Ibu volcano to wear face-masks to protect against ash. The directorate general of volcanology said in its website that people had been ordered to stay outside a radius of two kilometres from the volcanoes' craters.
Anak Krakatau's latest big eruption in June 1994 killed one US tourist and injured three Britons and two Indonesians. The 1,340-metre Mount Ibu volcano, about 2,700 kilometres north-east of Jakarta, had a small explosive eruption in 1911. No human casualties were reported.