INVINCIBLE CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIERS, UNITED KINGDOM
It used almost no or no missiles. It looks like the Invincible is a moderity(so) protect by both aircrafts and guns.
HMS Ark Royal is armed with three Mark 15 Phalanx close-in weapon systems (CIWS) from Raytheon and General Dynamics. Each Phalanx CIWS has one 20mm
M61A1 Vulcan Gatling-principle gun which fires 3,000 rounds/min at a range of 1.5km.
HMS Invincible and Illustrious each have three Thales Nederland (formerly Signaal) Goalkeeper CIWS. Goalkeeper's Gatling principle 30mm gun provides
a maximum firing rate of 4,200 rounds/min with a range of 1,500m.
All three carriers are also equipped with two GAM-B01 20mm guns from Oerlikon-Contraves and BAE SYSTEMS, which have a maximum range of 2km and firing
rate of 1,000 rounds/min.
GARIBALDI AIRCRAFT CARRIER, ITALY
The Italian carrier is protect pretty good with missile and guns because it can carry only a small amount of aircrafts(16).
Also the Italian carrier has torpedos on it for ASW.
The ship's long-range surface-to-surface missile system, the MBDA (formerly Alenia) Otomat, is installed on the gun decks at the stern of the ship,
two launchers on the port and two on the starboard side. The missile has active radar homing, is armed with a 210kg warhead and has a range of 120km.
The MBDA Albatros surface-to-air missile system provides short-range point defence. The Albatros eight-cell launchers are installed on the roof decks
at the forward and stern end of the main island. The system uses the Aspide missile. Aspide has a semi-active radar seeker and a range of 14km.
Forty-eight Aspide missiles are carried. Fire control for the Albatros is provided by three AESN NA 30 radar/electro-optical directors, which include
infrared camera and laser rangefinder as well as the Alenia RTN 30X fire control radar.
The ship is armed with three 40/70mm twin guns from OTOBreda. The guns have a firing rate of 300 rounds/min to an airborne target range of 4km and a
surface target range of 12km. The guns’ weapon control system comprises three Alenia Marconi Systems NA 21 systems.
Two ILAS 3 triple tube torpedo launchers from WASS (Whitehead Alenia Sistemi Subaqua) are fitted. The 324mm tubes are capable of firing the Honeywell
Mark 46 or the A290 torpedo
CHARLES DE GAULLE NUCLEAR POWERED AIRCRAFT CARRIER, FRANCE
The Franch carrier is nuclear power like the nimitz which means it can go farther then the other carriers.
The carrier is protected by a good anti-air system because it can hold only 40 aircrafts.
What I dont see on this carrier is ASW weapons which it better have alot of ASW helicopters.
The SAAM (Surface Anti-Air Missile) system, developed by Eurosam (set up by MBDA and Thales), provides defence against hostile aircraft and anti-ship
missiles. The system uses the Aster 15 surface-to-air missile and entered operational service in November 2002, with the first firing of the missile
from the Charles de Gaulle. The Aster missile has a 13kg warhead and a range of 30km. The missile's guidance is inertial with data uplink and active
radar terminal homing. For increased manoeuvrability in the terminal phase, the missile uses a 'PIF-PAF' direct thrust control system with gas jets.
Two eight-cell Sylver vertical launch systems are installed on the starboard side forward of the bridge and two on the port side aft of the bridge.
The system uses the Thales (formerlyThomson-CSF) Arabel radar, which is a multi-function three-dimensional radar with a range of 70km for a target
area of 2m².
The ship has two six-cell Sadral launching systems for the MBDA (formerly Matra BAe Dynamics) Mistral anti-aircraft and anti-missile missile. Mistral
has an infra-red seeker and a range of 4km.
GIAT 20F2 20MM GUNS
The ship is equipped with eight Giat 20F2 20mm guns, which fire 0.25kg shells at 720 rounds/min to a range of up to 8km.
ANDREA DORIA (NUM) AIRCRAFT CARRIER, ITALY
This Italian carrier is in prosses of being built. The carrier will be delivered in 2007.
This is another small carrier. It will carry 8 aircrafts or 12 helicopters.
It will have good missile system because of the small number of units it carries.
The ship's strongest features will be its high flexibility in operational terms, its capacity to carry out the functions of an aircraft carrier and
the transport of wheeled and tracked vehicles.
On 22 November 2000, a contract was drawn up between Fincantieri and the Ministry of Naval Defence to supply an aircraft carrier vessel, better
known as a "new major vessel", to the Italian Navy. The order is worth approximately Lira 1,750bn, of which 140bn has been set aside for the
integrated logistic Support.
Building work on the new vessel which will be named the Andrea Doria, began at Fincantieri's shipyards in Riva Trigoso and Muggiano in July 2001 and
the ship will be delivered in 2007
AIRCRAFT CARRIER FUNCTION
In order to carry out these functions, the vessel will be equipped with a flight deck suitable both for operations with helicopters and with
short-launch, vertical take-off fighter planes and a hangar/garage of approximately 2,500m². In this way the ship will also have an amphibious
capacity through rapid transport via helicopter even at considerable distances from the landing force. The ship could support eight VTOL (vertical
take-off and landing) aircraft such as AV-8B Harrier or F-35 joint strike fighter VTOL variant, or 12 helicopters, such as the EH101, AB-212, NH 90 or
SH-3D, or a mix of platforms.
In view of the long operating life foreseen for the vessel, the ship was conceived to be able to accommodate new generation aircraft. For the purposes
of moving aircraft and vehicles embarked, two elevators will be installed for aircraft and there will be two access ramps to move vehicles from the
quayside to the hangar/garage.
Further features of the ship will be a hospital facility with three operating rooms, wards for hospitalised patients, X ray and CT equipment, a
dentist's surgery and a laboratory.
The carrier will be armed with the Eurosam (jointly owned by MBDA and Thales) SAAM/IT missile system which fires Aster 15 missiles from the Sylver
eight-cell vertical launch system. The Aster 15 missile has a 13kg warhead and a range of 30km. The missile’s guidance is inertial with data uplink
and active radar terminal homing. For increased manoeuvrability in the terminal phase, the missile uses a 'PIF-PAF' direct thrust control system
with gas jets. Primary sensor for the SAAM/IT is the AMS Empar G-band multi-function phased array radar, which provides simultaneous surveillance,
tracking and weapons control. First ship-launched missile firing of the SAAM/IT system took place in December 2002.
The vessel will be equipped with two Oto Melara 76mm Super Rapid guns and three 25mm anti-aircraft guns.
PRINCIPE DE ASTURIAS AIRCRAFT CARRIER, SPAIN
THe Spanish carrier is also like othe European carriers. It is small and can take a small amount of units.
This carrier can take 12 aircrafts and 12 helicopters.
The ship supports up to twelve AV-8B Harrier II Plus and Harrier II (being upgraded to Harrier II Plus configuration) aircraft. The Harriers are armed
with AIM-9L Sidewinder and AIM-120 AMRAAM air-to-air missiles and AGM-65E Maverick air-to-ground missiles, in addition to GAU-12U cannon. The carrier
also has facilities to support up to twelve helicopters, usually six Sikorsky Sea King SH-3H, four Agusta AB-212 and two Sikorsky SH-3 AEW
The ship normally supports a maximum of 29 fixed wing and rotary wing aircraft with up to twelve on deck and 13 aircraft in the hangar. In an
emergency a maximum of 17 aircraft can be stored in the 2,300m² hangar. The hangar deck is accessed by two flight deck lifts. The 5,100m² flight deck
is 176m in length and includes a 12° ski jump 46.5m in length.
The ship has four FABA Meroka Mod 2B close-in weapon systems (CIWS), with twelve-barrelled Oerlikon L120 20mm guns. The guns have a rate of fire of
1,440 rounds/min and a range of up to 2,000m. They are installed two on the stern deck and one each on the port and starboard side of the flight deck.
The Meroka fire control system has tracking radar and an Indra (formerly ENOSA) thermal imager.
A Mk 13 Mod 4 eight-cell launcher for the Harpoon anti-ship missile is fitted.
The ship's combat data system is the Tritan Digital Command and Control System.