posted on Oct, 27 2007 @ 04:24 PM
They were expert toolmakers
, they lived in communal groups and looked after each other,
they fashioned clothing to keep warm, they may have developed art/sculptures and they may also have been able to
capacity was as large or larger than ours, they were stronger physically.
Did they become extinct due to competition for resources from modern humans, did they become absorbed genetically with modern man. Their extinction
seems to have occured very quickly somewhere between 25,000 - 30,000 years ago.
Neanderthals were basically carnivores, could this have had something to do with their demise, a shortage of game might have meant that they were
unable to supplement their diet with flora (fruits/berries etc) unlike our ancestors.
The discovery suggests the ancient hunter-gatherers made tools by sticking stone heads to wooden handles with glue.
This requires technical competence and puts Neanderthals on an intellectual par with early modern humans,
The two lived alongside one another in Europe from 40,000 years ago until around 27,000 years ago. But did they also live with one another?
One thing is clear. The creator of the artworks from the late Paleolithic could not have been Neolithic man. So who was it? Surely not the
Neanderthal, this ungainly companion? "There is that possibility," says Nicholas Conrad.
This conclusion, according to Serre, is wrong. "When," he emphasizes, "when there had been a gene flow, then it was presumably small. We can by
no means rule out, however, that Neanderthals contributed to the genotype of modern man." And thus is not extinct in a biological sense, but is still
present in the nuclei of our cells.
Stone tools have been discovered during mining for brown coal in eastern Germany that are over 100,000 years old and upon which the remnants of
oak bark extract still adhere: A material still used today for tanning leather and making waterproof shoes. The Neanderthals must have developed the
technique themselves because modern man was still not yet there.
These early humans thus lived in the same area as Neanderthals during the same time. From this perspective, humans are NOT the only species that
have developed culture, intelligence, language and self-awareness. Neanderthals were skilled
hunters and craftsmen who made tools, used fire, cared for their sick and injured and even had a few symbolic notions, probably with some facility for
Neanderthals and Modern Humans in Western Asia
These heavily built and muscled people had a brain volume of 1200 to 1800 cubic centimetres, equal to and even larger than modern human brains.
Neanderthals were much more muscular than are modern humans - bulking about 30 percent more in weight.
A flint object with a striking likeness to a human face may be one of the best examples of art by
Neanderthal man ever found, the journal Antiquity reports.
These similarities between young Neanderthals and modern humans indicate that some of the features that distinguished Neanderthals from early
modern humans in adulthood may have resulted from behaviors that differentially altered skeletal traits during growth, not from genetic differences.
This increases the chances that these two groups belonged to a single species.
Neanderthals and humans lived side by side
"This object shows that art was not born in the brain of Homo sapiens but much earlier in the brains of predecessors like the Neanderthal man and
even, no doubt, in Homo erectus.
A species that had everything going for it or so it seems, comparable to modern humans at the time.
Was the Neanderthal extinction in the end just bad luck, the encroaching cold, scarce resources, competition from modern humans and the smaller
population in comparison all playing a part in their demise? Does Neanderthal man still survive in some small part perhaps within our genome?
Was there some other reason for their extinction?
All thoughts and theory's welcome.