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Thuggee or tuggee (Hindi: Nepali ṭhagī; Urdu: ٹھگ; Sanskrit: sthaga; Sindhi: ٺوڳي، ٺڳ; Kannada: thakka) refers to the acts of Thugs, an organised gang of professional robbers and murderers. Thugs travelled in groups across South Asia for six hundred years. Although the Thugs traced their origin to seven Muslim tribes, Hindus appear to have been associated with them at an early period. They were first mentioned in Ẓiyā-ud-Dīn Baranī's History of Fīrūz Shāh, dated around 1356. During the 1830s, the Thugs were targeted for eradication by Governor-General of India, William Bentinck and his chief captain, William Henry Sleeman. Thugs were apparently destroyed by this effort.
To take advantage of their victims, the Thugs would join travellers and gain their confidence; this would allow them to surprise and strangle the travellers with a handkerchief or noose. They would then rob and bury their victims. This led to the Thugs being called Phansigar (English: using a noose), a term more commonly used in southern India. The word "Thuggee" derives from the Hindi (ṭhag), which means "deceiver". Related words are the verb thugna ("to deceive"), from the Sanskrit (sthaga "cunning, sly, fraudulent") and (sthagati, "he conceals"). This term, describing the murder and robbery of travellers, is popular in South Asia and particularly India.