a reply to: Gezus
I agree. Please allow me to share my research:
is a controversial chapter. Some say it is an allusion to
Satan and/or the Devil, while others say that it refers to a King of Babylon.
I propose that the chapter in question is indeed addressed to
the King of Babylon (verse 4), but actually
a page out of the Canaanite religion (verses 12-14). A clearer picture is revealed by referring to the original Hebrew
language of the verse, along with Canaanite mythology.
4. That thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! The golden city ceased!
12. How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
13. For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the
congregation, in the sides of the north:
14. I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.
15. Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit."
Isaiah 14 (King James Version)
The figure in question literally "fell from Heaven":
] [mis'sa mayim (מִשָּׁמַ֖יִם) (from
]. This rules out any human being.
[Verse 12] "Lucifer, son of the morning",
is an outdated and inaccurate translation, originating with St. Jerome's
Bible, and perpetuated by the
King James Version
of the Bible, Dante Alighieri's "Divine Comedy",
Milton's "Paradise Lost".
In place of "Lucifer", the original Hebrew actually states: "Helel (הֵילֵ֣ל) Ben (בֶּן־) Shahar (שָׁ֑חַר)",
"Helel, the son of Shahar"
The word, "Helel" (הֵילֵ֣ל), is rather enigmatic. According to several Concordances, Helel
defined as: "a shining one" and "star of the morning".
According to the ancient Ugaritic texts of Ras Shamra, Helel was indeed a Canaanite deity who sought to usurp the authority of El.
is a Canaanite deity representative of the "Morning Star," which is Venus on the eastern
horizon before sunrise. This deity is synonymous with the Greek deity
Now we have, "Helel son of Shahar/Phosphorus/Morning Star".
As we have the "Morning Star," we also have the "Evening Star." Venus, as the evening star, sits on the western horizon after sunset. The evening star
was known in the Levant as the deity Shalim,
and to the Greeks as the deity
The Greeks treated the morning star as one deity, and the evening star as a separate deity,... although they knew that both were the planet Venus. In
tale and story, Venus was separated into Phosphorus and Hesperus, but always understood, intellectually, to both be Venus. The same can be said about
the Levantines regarding Shahar and Shalim. Both cultures knew the morning and evening stars to be Venus.
So now we can deduce, "Helel son of Venus."
According to Greek mythology, Venus
was a prominent goddess. And through archetype and
correlation, we parallel the goddess Venus to the goddesses Inanna
Now we deduce, "Helel son of Asherah/Athirat."
Asherah/Athirat is the consort of El
We can now derive: "Helel, son of Asherah/Athirat and El"
Isaiah is also referring to Baal Hadad. This can be concluded by reading the context of the verse and correlating it with the Canaanite religion.
How you have fallen from heaven, Helel Ben Shahar! You have been cast down to the earth, you who once laid low the nations!
You said in your heart, “I will ascend to the heavens; I will raise my throne above the stars of El (אֵ֖ל [God]); I will
sit enthroned on the mount of assembly, on the utmost heights of Mount Zaphon. I will ascend above the tops of the clouds; I will make myself like
El Elyon (לְעֶלְיֽוֹן׃ [Most High]).”
- Isaiah 14:12-14
The two following phrases should be self-evident:
"I will raise my throne above the stars of El."
"I will ascend above the tops of the clouds; I will make myself like El Elyon."
Examining Isaiah 14:12-14,... we must think about which son of Asherah/Athirat has his throne on Mount Zephon,... and who wants to usurp both El and
Now, let us examine "Mount Zaphon."
Mount Zephon is known today as Mount Aqraa
. It is upon this mountain that
, son of El and Athirat/Asherah, established his throne and sanctuary. From this event of
the Baal Cycle
, we get the name/title:
Baal Hadad was indeed a son of El and Venus/Shahar/Asherah, who sought to usurp El's authority, succeed Elyon, and establish a throne on Mount Zephon.
Isaiah 14:12-14 illustrates this perfectly.