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Ezekial was arounf 500 BC but years later around 100 BC I think the Merkvah folks started Kabbalah and were heavily influenced by Ezekial.
originally posted by: Sigismundus
a reply to: HorusChrist
You wrote QUOTE "Merkabah/Merkavah mysticism (or Chariot mysticism) is a school of early Jewish mysticism, c. 100 BCE – 1000 CE, centered on visions such as those found in the Book of Ezekiel chapter 1, or in the hekhalot ("palaces") literature, concerning stories of ascents to the heavenly palaces and the Throne of God..." UNQUOTE
I suspect the Merkavah literature is quite a bit older than 100 BCE given the date for the compilation of oracles attributed to Hezekiel being c. 550-500 BCE; we certainly see its influence in the Scroll of the Book of the Words of Henoch son of Jared (fragments dated to c. 350 BCE) and also some echoes in the Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice c. 200 BCE - but unfortunately as you pointed out, there are so few references to the Merkhava directly in the 'surviving' material of the Dead Sea Scroll corpus, we will never know until more texts are discovered (or released to the public !) how entrenched this branch of Jewish mysticism was in the intertestamental period.
Your scholarly comments on the subject are very well taken however - so keep up the good work on ATS ! Let's see if we can raise the bar a little around here...