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Is the solar system entering a nearby interstellar cloud
Vidal-Madjar, A.; Laurent, C.; Bruston, P.; Audouze, J.
Observational arguments in favor of such a cloud are presented, and implications of the presence of a nearby cloud are discussed, including possible changes in terrestrial climate. It is suggested that the postulated interstellar cloud should encounter the solar system at some unspecified time in the near future and might have a drastic influence on terrestrial climate in the next 10,000 years.
By Robert Roy Britt published October 09, 2002
In what is largely a reversal of an August announcement, astronomers today said Pluto is undergoing global warming in its thin atmosphere even as it moves farther from the Sun on its long, odd-shaped orbit.
Pluto's atmospheric pressure has tripled over the past 14 years, indicating a stark temperature rise, the researchers said. The change is likely a seasonal event, much as seasons on Earth change as the hemispheres alter their inclination to the Sun during the planet's annual orbit.
They suspect the average surface temperature increased about 3.5 degrees Fahrenheit, or slightly less than 2 degrees Celsius.
By Eric Hand Jul. 15, 2015 , 7:00 PM
Radioactive elements in both bodies’ interiors could provide some of the heat needed for geological mountain building or ice flows that repave the surface. But Pluto, and especially Charon, are far too small for this heat to persist. The giant impact thought to have formed the two worlds could also provide a source of energy, but that probably happened billions of years ago.
Geoffrey Collins, a planetary scientist at Wheaton College in Norton, Massachusetts, unaffiliated with the team, is amazed by the images. “Clearly we’re seeing internal activity on the surface of Pluto and Charon,” he says. “Something is pulling apart their ice crusts.” Collins is excited because there is no way to explain the activity with conventional models of heat loss. “If the Charon-Pluto impact happened more recently, all the problems would be solved,” he says.
Irene Baron: www.irenebaron.com
Just how hot is our Moon internally? Suggestions as to the internal lunar temperatures from www.infoplease.com... tell us: “The internal temperature decreases from 830°C (1,530°F) at the center to 170°C (340°F) near the surface. The heat traveling outward near the lunar surface is about half that of the earth but still twice that predicted by current theory.” This last statement, that the heat traveling outward near the lunar surface is TWICE THAT PREDICTED BY CURRENT THEORY makes one wonder how the theories went wrong.
It appears that Pluto and Charon, as evidenced by their surfaces, are also experiencing internal heat in greater quantities than expected. If the surfaces of these two objects are changing due to geologic phenomenon, they have to be internally hot. Or are they heating up?
Or, what other cause may there be that has not been suggested?
Pluto and Sharon have opened a mass of questions. The answers, which will be applicable to all space bodies, will let us rethink what has been happening.
HEAT! Why are Pluto and Sharon not cold/colder internally? What is the origin of all that heat?
If the statement “The heat traveling outward near the lunar surface is about half that of the earth but still twice that predicted by current theory” was made many years ago, has anyone completed a hypothesis as to the cause? Perhaps the explanation will be the same for our Moon, Pluto and Sharon. And what other Solar System objects?
Saturday, September 24, 2016
“We show that the X-ray contribution from the solar wind charge exchange is about forty percent in the galactic plane, and even less elsewhere,” said Massimiliano Galeazzi, an astrophysicist at the University of Miami and an author on the study. “So the rest of the X-rays must come from the Local Hot Bubble, proving that it exists.”
However, DXL also measured some high-energy X-rays that couldn’t possibly come from the solar wind or the Local Hot Bubble.
“At higher energies, these sources contribute less than a quarter of the X-ray emission,” said Youaraj Uprety, lead author on the study and an astrophysicist at University of Miami at the time the research was conducted. “So there’s an unknown source of X-rays in this energy range.”
In the decades since we first discovered the X-ray emission that permeates space, three main theories have been bandied about to explain its origins. First, and quickly ruled out, was the idea that these X-rays are a kind of background noise, coming from the distant reaches of the universe. Our galaxy has lots of neutral gas that would absorb X-rays coming from distant sources – meaning that these X-rays must originate somewhere near our solar system.
Declining solar activity linked to recent warming
The Sun may have caused as much warming as carbon dioxide over three years.
Joanna Haigh, an atmospheric physicist at Imperial College London, and her colleagues analysed daily measurements of the spectral composition of sunlight made between 2004 and 2007 by NASA's Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE) satellite. They found that the amount of visible light reaching Earth increased as the Sun's activity declined — warming the Earth's surface. Their unexpected findings are published today in Nature1.
Contrary to expectations, the net amount of solar energy reaching Earth's troposphere — the lowest part of the atmosphere — seems to have been larger in 2007 than in 2004, despite the decline in solar activity over that period.
The full implications of the discovery are unclear. Haigh says that the current solar cycle could be different from previous cycles, for unknown reasons. But it is also possible that the effects of solar variability on atmospheric temperatures and ozone are substantially different from what has previously been assumed.
A former teacher and current pilot, Irene Baron also worked with the Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA), Supreme Command Headquarters, Research & Development Center in Thailand for four years completing Top Secret work while employed by Battelle Memorial Institute as an Information Specialist in Geology & Hydrology. She was the project's Director of Aerial Photographer. In that capacity, she directed aerial photography from Air America/CIA Sikorski Helio-19 helicopters and two-winged aerial imaging aircraft. Irene contributed to the geology and hydrology sections of the now unclassified Mekong River Project book. She also authored the Operational Procedures Manual, Laboratory Material Division (all levels) for the Bangkok ARPA facility.
Baron used the knowledge gained and experiences with the military, government, Battelle Memorial Institute,
and science teacher to create the Mindreacher thriller series.
originally posted by: VierEyes
a reply to: ElectricUniverse
I've been trying to explain this to people for years. No one is listening. They're all on the climate change bandwagon.