reply to post by Scott Creighton
Scott, what you are failing to address is that there are other means than "Scientific testing" to validate the inscriptions or archeological
discoveries in general. 99% of archeological discoveries have never been radiocarbon dated, relying on a proven system of the following disciplines to
place them in their correct context (to name just a few):
Epigraphy helps determine that the inscriptions belong to a certain time frame, it fills in the who/what/where.
It also tells us that Vyse could NOT have faked the inscriptions, since the language of the hieroglyphics and the Horus name of Khufu was
at the time.
What Sitchin and the "Forgery" theorists refuse to acknowledge is this:
Among the hieroglyphics found there is also the Horus name for Pharaoh Khufu
. The Horus name was the most important name of the king, because
it expressed a kind of political program. The Horus name for Khufu is Medjedu
, and can be roughly translated as "hit a
target" or "follow a path". This name is spelled differently than the birth name, and is NOT encased in an oval cartouche, but in a rectangle with
a hawk sitting on it. No one in 1837 had the knowledge to recognize the Horus name of Khufu. Since it was not in a cartouche, it would not have been
recognized as a royal name by explorer's in 1837, who only just began understanding hieroglyphs 10 years prior.
The Horus name was chosen by Khufu himself, but lost after the fifth dynasty (around 2400 BC). As the name lost importance to later generations, it
was no longer included in the kings lists, referencing him only by his birth name. So neither Vyse, Perring, Raven, Hill had any knowledge of
"Hor-Medjedu", the hieroglyphs were unrecognized, since they knew of only the names of the pharaohs from the much later authored king's lists.
The Horus name "Medjedu" is not isolated, it is integrated into a complete sentence, and would have been very unlikely it could have been copied by
Vyse from anywhere else.
The first instances of the Horus name being associated with Khufu occurred with discoveries by Karl Richard Lepsius in 1845 and Flinders-Petrie in
1883. Prior to that this name was not recognized. More recently it was discovered by Carlo Bergman
found an inscription
in the Libyan desert bearing the Horus name of
Khufu, mentioning the 27th year of his reign.
Now, how would you like to refute this piece of evidence? Let's not worry about the other evidence regarding the validity of the inscriptions, let's
hear how you dismiss this one.