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Vovovitsa is a community settlement (sometimes referred as a micronation) north of the town of Sevlievo in Bulgaria, Eastern Europe. It is located in the municipality of Sevlievo, Gabrovo, in a secluded area near the Rositsa river, in the land of the Kormyansko village. Vovovitsa existed as an autonomous settlement since the 12-13th centuries and was created by foreigners - immigrants from the lands that are now known as Romania, Serbia and Croatia. In the 14th century some Bulgarians and Jews moved in the community. Over time, the settlement shrinked to its present size, but it remained distant from any nearby villages.
Kingdom of Vovovitsa (late 12th century - early 14th century)
The area was a semi-autonomous micro-kingdom for a couple of centuries during the Second Bulgarian Empire. ‘Kingdom’ was used instead of the tsardom commonly used in Eastern Europe, in order to signify its semi-autonomy from the Bulgarian tsardom and the fact that most of its inhabitants were Catholic. It was ruled by a king (King Miroslav of Vovovitsa), counts, and barons. During the Ottoman rule Vovovitsa was officially referred to as a 'mahala'. After the liberation of Bulgaria, authorities refused to declare the area as autonomous. Very little is known about the Kingdom as the Second Bulgarian Empire was in decline and historians had their focus on it. Moreover, Vovovitsa was inhabited by just about 1000 people at most to be of any concern. The area declined significantly during the Ottoman rule when a lot of houses were destroyed and many people fled the area. Stones from once important buildings of Vovovitsa were used in the construction of the famous stone bridge of Sevlievo. During the Socialism in Bulgaria (1944-1989), many documents and books containing information about Vovovitsa were destroyed by the party and the majority of the inhabitants of the area fled to Yugoslavia and Romania, while the remaining got assimilated.