IsidoreOfSeville It seems the use of the term "Catholic" was used to reference the original Church Christ Himself founded by the time the word was
Note in the video, as Jimmy Akin points out, Ignatius didn't need to explain what the term meant.
As far as Papal authority goes, keep in mind Aramaic was the common tongue of the day, and best guess is it was the language the Apostles used talking
Promises to Peter
When he first saw Simon, "Jesus looked at him, and said, ‘So you are Simon the son of John? You shall be called Cephas (which means Peter)’"
(John 1:42). The word Cephas is merely the transliteration of the Aramaic Kepha into Greek. Later, after Peter and the other disciples
had been with Christ for some time, they went to Caesarea Philippi, where Peter made his profession of faith: "You are the Christ, the Son of the
living God" (Matt. 16:16). Jesus told him that this truth was specially revealed to him, and then he solemnly reiterated: "And I tell you, you are
Peter" (Matt. 16:18). To this was added the promise that the Church would be founded, in some way, on Peter (Matt. 16:18).
Then two important things were told the apostle. "Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be
loosed in heaven" (Matt. 16:19). Here Peter was singled out for the authority that provides for the forgiveness of sins and the making of
disciplinary rules. Later the apostles as a whole would be given similar power [Matt.18:18], but here Peter received it in a special sense.
Peter alone was promised something else also: "I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 16:19). In ancient times, keys were the
hallmark of authority. A walled city might have one great gate; and that gate had one great lock, worked by one great key. To be given the key to the
city—an honor that exists even today, though its import is lost—meant to be given free access to and authority over the city. The city to which
Peter was given the keys was the heavenly city itself. This symbolism for authority is used elsewhere in the Bible (Is. 22:22, Rev. 1:18).
Finally, after the resurrection, Jesus appeared to his disciples and asked Peter three times, "Do you love me?" (John 21:15-17). In repentance for
his threefold denial, Peter gave a threefold affirmation of love. Then Christ, the Good Shepherd (John 10:11, 14), gave Peter the authority he earlier
had promised: "Feed my sheep" (John 21:17). This specifically included the other apostles, since Jesus asked Peter, "Do you love me more than
these?" (John 21:15), the word "these" referring to the other apostles who were present (John 21:2). Thus was completed the prediction made just
before Jesus and his followers went for the last time to the Mount of Olives.
Immediately before his denials were predicted, Peter was told, "Simon, Simon, behold, Satan demanded to have you, that he might sift you like wheat,
but I have prayed for you that your faith may not fail; and when you have turned again [after the denials], strengthen your brethren" (Luke
22:31-32). It was Peter who Christ prayed would have faith that would not fail and that would be a guide for the others; and his prayer, being
perfectly efficacious, was sure to be fulfilled.
Thank you! A great explanation on the contents of the short video and Jimmy Akin is also very clear, straight forward. Ignatius didn't explain the
meaning of Catholic in his letter of 110 A.D. of which the world has record. The first Christians already understood, they knew and had heard it
Everyone at ATS who posts in the Religion forum questioning Catholicism, you're on the way. Go a step further, ask Our Lord in prayer if He is truly
present in the Eucharist and ask another question, ask Jesus if Roman Catholicism is the faith. He will give you the grace to believe.
And I say to you, Ask, and it shall be given you: seek, and you shall find: knock, and it shall be opened to you. For every one that asketh,
receiveth; and he that seeketh, findeth; and to him that knocketh, it shall be opened.
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