what causes a human to be a human is all in the dna.
same goes for all animals.
from 1950 (dna discovery) till the present scientists discovered thousands of dna mutations that cause disease many of these mutations happened for
the first time even after 1950, however not even one mutation was discovered that cause enhancemet or advancement to humans (or to any animal of all
the animals existing).
so now we see the mutations darwin talked about they are in the dna which we can see even with our naked eyes under the scope, yet all mutations so
far cause disater and peril and extinction.
Actually the vast majority of mutations are neutral. 10th grade biology teaches this. As far as beneficial mutations, the benefit or detriment is
determined by the physical environment. What is beneficial in one ecosystem will not necessarily be so in a vastly different one. Beneficial mutations
are commonly observed. They are common enough to be problems in the cases of antibiotic resistance in disease-causing organisms and pesticide
resistance in agricultural pests (e.g., Newcomb et al. 1997; these are not merely selection of pre-existing variation.) They can be repeatedly
observed in laboratory populations (Wichman et al. 1999). Other examples include the following:
Mutations have given bacteria the ability to degrade nylon (Prijambada et al. 1995).
Plant breeders have used mutation breeding to induce mutations and select the beneficial ones (FAO/IAEA 1977).
Certain mutations in humans confer resistance to AIDS (Dean et al. 1996; Sullivan et al. 2001) or to heart disease (Long 1994; Weisgraber et al.
A mutation in humans makes bones strong (Boyden et al. 2002).
Transposons are common, especially in plants, and help to provide beneficial diversity (Moffat 2000).
In vitro mutation and selection can be used to evolve substantially improved function of RNA molecules, such as a ribozyme (Wright and Joyce 1997).
edit on 4-11-2013 by adnanmuf because: (no reason given) why scientists were not able to find a useful mutation or induce a
the answer is because there is none. evolution does not exist , by accident or random at least ,(but by intelligent design/creation, yes)
on 4-11-2013 by adnanmuf because: (no reason given)
For evolution to operate, the source of variation does not matter; all that matters is that heritable variation occurs. Such variation is shown by the
fact that selective breeding has produced novel features in many species, including cats, dogs, pigeons, goldfish, cabbage, and geraniums. Some of the
features may have been preexisting in the population originally, but not all of them were, especially considering the creationists' view that the
animals originated from a single pair.
the first law of nature is that everything degrades in time and space/place, nothing gets better in time and space.
leave a chair in a room, and come back to it after 1000 years what do you see??
edit on 4-11-2013 by adnanmuf because: (no reason
Just exactly which law of nature are you referring to? It can't be from Hobbes 'Leviathon' because that states-
A "Law of Nature" is a
general rule that is discovered through reason. Such a law affirms human self-preservation and condemns acts destructive to human life. Unlike a civil
law, which must be written down and publicized in order to be known, a law of nature is natural and inherently known by all because it can be deduced
by innate mental faculties (reason, philosophy). Having described the horrors of the state of nature, in which fear reigns supreme, Hobbes concludes
that natural man, in order to preserve life, must seek peace. Thus the first law of nature is: "That every man, ought to endeavour Peace, as farre as
he can hope of obtaining it; and when he cannot obtain it, that he may seek, and use, all helps and advantages of Warre. The first branch of which
Rule, containeth the first, and Fundamental Law of Nature; which is, to seek Peace, and follow it.
“The first law of nature is self-preservation. Cut off that which may harm you. But if it is worth preserving, and is meaningful,
nourish it and have no regrets. Ultimately, this is true living and love of self...from within.” T.F. Hodge
so many to pick from...